私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
human trafficking, /human-trafficking,
Video: Human Trafficking Victim Rescued In Turlock; Hayward Man, 22, Arrested
私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
human trafficking, 2021-10-08, Human Trafficking Victim Rescued In Turlock; Hayward Man, 22, Arrested, A minor who police say was a victim of human trafficking has been rescued in Turlock. Katie Johnston reports., CBS Local News
26/9/2022 – UNVTF publishes 2021 Annual Report showcasing its impact and achievements
9/6/2022 – UNVTF received a contribution amounting to EUR 10,000 from FUNDACIÓN ADECOSE (ADECOSE Foundation) [click here for details and more news on support from private sector]
8/6/2022 – 20 new NGO projects selected for emergency grants under the sixth grant cycle [Click here for details]
16/5/2022 – UNVTF high-level side event during the 31st session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ)
Co-sponsored by the governments of Sweden, Belgium and the Philippines, the UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking (UNVTF) held a high-level side event with over 80 participants on the first day of the 31st session of CCPCJ entitled “A Victim-Centred Approach with Global NGO Partners to Empower Woman and Girl Human Trafficking Survivors of Gender-Based Violence” that presented comprehensive supports to survivors through UNVTF-funded projects on the front line. [Click video links below to watch presentation of civil society partners]
2/11/2021 – 10 new NGO projects selected for sub-grant programme 2 of the 5th Call for Proposals [Click here for details]
30/7/2021 – On 30 July World Day Against Traficking In Persons, UNVTF undertook a number of fundraising and advocacy initiatives in support of victims with our partners. [Click here for details]
23/6/2021 – 20 new NGO projects selected for emergency grants of the 5th Call for Proposals [Click here for details]
19/5/2021 – Co-sponsored by the governments of Spain, Philippines and Australia, UNVTF organized a high-level event on the margins of the 30th Session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) entitled “Front-line impact and innovation: grassroots responses to women and girl victims of human trafficking in transitioning beyond Covid-19” sharing innovative approaches of front-line NGO grantees in responding to the changing needs of victims amid Covid-19 and beyond. [click here for social media message]
22/2/2021 – The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons (UNVTF) participated in a training for Coyote Logistics on combating and preventing human trafficking. [Click here for details]
8/3/2021 – The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons (UNVTF) delivered a high-level virtual Special Event at the 14th UN Crime Congress International on the International Women’s Day to commemorate its 10-year anniversary. The event highlighted the cooperation between UNODC and Member States in the provision of direct assistance to victims of human trafficking over the past decade as well as the collective achievements of the Fund. [Click here for details] [Click here to watch the event]
11/12/2020 – The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons has announced that a further six projects have been selected for funding under sub-programme two of its fourth call for proposals. [Click here for details]
18/11/2020 – The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons has launched a new brochure to mark its 10-year anniversary, presenting human impact stories and testimonials from its NGO grantees around the world [Click here for the brochure]
12/11/2020 – Board of Trustees for the UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons Appoints New Chair [Click here for details]
20/10/2020 – A new Board of Trustees has been elected for the UNODC-managed United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children in its fourth Board term.
As determined by the General Assembly, the Board is composed of five experts with relevant experience in the field of trafficking in persons who are appointed on the basis of fair equitable geographical distribution, in consultation with Member States and the Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). [Click here for details]
13/10/2020 – UNVTF Trust Fund hosted a virtual high-level side event entitled: “The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons (UNVTF) 10 Years Since Inception: Achievements and Best Practices” on the margins of the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC)
Co-sponsored by Belgium, the event marked the 10-year anniversary of UNVTF established by the UN General Assembly as an important component of the UN Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. [Click here for details]
28/8/2020 – UNVTF Trust Fund announces 16 NGO Projects Selected for 4th Grant Cycle Medium-term Aid Window
UNVTF has announced the results of its fourth call for proposals for sub-grant programme two, focused on the provision of medium-term direct assistance to vulnerable victims of trafficking in persons, under its small grants programme. [Click here for details]
25/8/2020 – UNODC’s First Virtual Music Concert Raises Funds for Victims of Human Trafficking
30 artists from around the globe performed on this year’s World Day against Trafficking in Persons on 30 July at the first-ever live virtual fundraising concert in support of human trafficking victims through the UNVTF. [Click here for details]
10/7/2020 – UNVTF Publishes Annual Report showcasing its impact and achievements
UNVTF has published its 2019 Annual Report, providing an overview of the achievements and management of the Trust Fund in 2019. [Click here for details]
20/4/2020 – UNVTF Announces 10 NGO Projects Selected for New Emergency Aid Window of 4th Grant Cycle
The UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking (UNVTF), managed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), has announced the results of its fourth call for proposals for subgrant programme one in the first ever, fast-track emergency aid window under its small grants programme. The new short-term, compact programme focuses on delivering swift humanitarian aid to victims of human trafficking in or fleeing from imperative crisis scenarios. [Click here to read the Press Release]
Click for more news about human trafficking issues
World Day Against Trafficking In Persons
Although human trafficking can occur at local or domestic levels, it has international implications, as recognized by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to as the Trafficking Protocol or the Palermo Protocol), an international agreement under the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC) which entered into force on 25 December 2003. The protocol is one of three which supplement the CTOC. The Trafficking Protocol is the first global, legally binding instrument on trafficking in over half a century, and the only one with an agreed-upon definition of trafficking in persons. One of its purposes is to facilitate international cooperation in investigating and prosecuting such trafficking. Another is to protect and assist human trafficking’s victims with full respect for their rights as established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Trafficking Protocol, which had 117 signatories and as of November, 2018 173 parties, defines human trafficking as:
(a) […] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation or the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal, manipulation or implantation of organs;
(b) The consent of a victim of trafficking in persons to the intended exploitation set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article shall be irrelevant where any of the means set forth in subparagraph (a) have been used;
(c) The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered “trafficking in persons” even if this does not involve any of the means set forth in sub-paragraph (a) of this article;
(d) “Child” shall mean any person under eighteen years of age.
In Prague, Czech Republic, single mother Helena (Isabelle Blais) is seduced by a successful, handsome man and travels with him to spend a weekend in Vienna, Austria. He then sells her to a human trafficking ring and she is brought to New York City to work as a sex slave. In Kyiv, Ukraine, sixteen-year-old Nadia (Laurence Leboeuf) enters a modelling competition, without her father’s knowledge. She is selected by the bogus model agency to travel to New York with the other selected candidates, where she is forced into a life of sexual slavery. Nadia and Helena are placed in the same house in Washington and become friends.
In Manila, Philippines, twelve-year-old American tourist Annie Gray (Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse) is abducted in front of her mother in a busy street by sex traffickers. She is forced into a child brothel which primarily services sex tourists, overseen by an Australian man, Tommy.
In common, the girls become victims of a powerful international network of sex traffickers led by the powerful Sergei Karpovich (Robert Carlyle).
In New York, after the third death of young Eastern European prostitutes, Russian-American NYPD Detective Kate Morozov (Mira Sorvino) suspects that these women are being “trafficked” by human trafficking gangs. Kate becomes a Special Agent with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement under her new boss, Bill Meehan (Donald Sutherland), the Special Agent-In-Charge of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement‘s New York Field Office.
At a party worked by Sergei’s girls, Nadia attempts escape but is caught. As punishment, Helena is moved to a location in New York City.
Kate busts a salon where girls are being trafficked from the basement. One of the rescued girls is Helena. She tells Kate about her daughter in Prague, who is successfully rescued by Czech police before Karpovich’s men can abduct her. Helena also mentions Sergei Karpovich and implores Kate to find Nadia. However, Helena is killed by a sniper bullet shortly after being moved to protective custody.
In Manila, Annie’s mother remains to search for her daughter while her husband returns to the US. Meanwhile, Annie is held at a child brothel, awaiting transportation to the Middle East. She manages to call her mother and they overhear Tommy talking in the background. They later identify Tommy on the street and the brothel is identified by the police.
In Kyiv, Nadia’s father Viktor stresses about Nadia’s disappearance. He locates details of the modelling agency and infiltrates the organisation by bonding with one of Karpovich’s men. He is sent to Mexico City to help transport another shipment of girls. He is eventually sent to Washington, where he and Nadia are secretly reunited.
Using information from Helena, Kate locates the Washington brothel. While Nadia is away, ICE raid the brothel. Kate chases Viktor but when he mentions he is trying to rescue his daughter, she lets him escape. Nadia and Viktor are reunited in New York City.
Karpovich gives the name of the Manila brothel to his doctor. ICE raid the brothel and Dr Smith is arrested. However, Tommy is warned by a local police officer on the take and Annie and the other children are smuggled out just in time. The doctor gives the authorities Karpovich’s name. Meanwhile, Annie and the other children are locked in a shipping container, awaiting their transportation. Due to missing paperwork and Tommy’s execution, the container is abandoned on the docks.
Having no luck finding any new leads, Kate poses as a client on Karpovich’s dating website and catches the attention of one of Karpovich’s men. She pretends to travel from Moscow and is taken to the New York brothel. With Kate inside, ICE raid the building once Karpovich arrives. Karpovich is killed, along with several of his men. Nadia and Viktor are rescued.
In Manila, another of Annie’s captors has a change of heart upon watching his daughter play. He calls the police and alerts them about the shipping container. Annie is rescued, along with the other children, and reunited with her parents. Karpovich’s empire is dismantled, many other girls are rescued and his associates arrested.
Human Trafficking closes with images of people walking through crowded city streets, as a closing title caption announces that human trafficking is the third-most profitable criminal business in the world, with as many as 800,000 victims each year.
Many individuals who consent to being smuggled are escaping poverty and hardship, seeking opportunities and better conditions abroad, or escaping natural disaster, conflict, or persecution. Others may be seeking asylum. While many who are smuggled are poor and uneducated, there are also others who belong to the educated middle class. As such, perhaps the only generalization that can be made about smuggled individuals is that they are all on a quest for a better life.
People smuggling operations range from small to large-scale actors operating in a transnational market. Small-scale smugglers generally arrange all aspects of the smuggling operations themselves. However, more commonly, smugglers engage and do business within a larger smuggling network where there is a division of work among the actors involved. In the past, smuggling rings tended to be more obscure, amateurish, and limited. As people smuggling has continued to grow, however, smuggling rings are far more extensive and organized. In Mexico, as Jim Chaparro – head of the anti-smuggling office at the US Immigration and Naturalization Service – puts it, the once small and informal smuggling business has evolved into a powerful web of “literally hundreds of syndicates, some at a low level and some at the kingpin level”.[better source needed] (In fact, as the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States from Mexico has become more organized, there has opened an opportunity for smuggling groups within Mexico to market their services to non-Mexicans. Indeed, smuggling operations are often complex and smuggled persons often make stops at countries across the globe before arriving at their final destination.)
A Lebanese-Mexican Symbiotic smuggling network involved in human smuggling into the United States of America that came to the attention of law enforcement and counterintelligence has been described in the literature.
Over the years, smuggling has evolved into a sophisticated service industry, with certain routes and enclaves used by smugglers becoming practically institutionalized; for example: from Mexico and Central America to the United States, from West Asia through Greece and Turkey to Western Europe, and within East and Southeast Asia. Responsible for the flourishing business of people smuggling are a combination of interacting factors, from weak legislation and lax border controls to corrupt officials and the power of organized crime.
The complexity of the smuggling network is dependent upon the route to be taken and the nature of the journey. For routes that are well-known and tested, smugglers may function more as family enterprises and utilize fairly contained operations. The more complex the route, however, the more members of the smuggling network must be recruited. In general, the infrastructure of the people smuggling business is nontraditional, with no clearly identifiable organization and no rigid structure. The network of smugglers is diffused and decentralized. Smugglers form temporary business alliances, and the organization of smugglers can best be understood and described as ad hoc task forces, in which activities are specialized and controlled by individuals that deal with each other on a one-to-one basis. In the business of people smuggling, there is no single “godfather” figure who commands the activities of subordinates; rather, individuals conduct business on equal grounds and tend to consider themselves free agents. In fact, according to a Los Angeles-based smuggler, “The division of labor is really clear and refined. Everyone involved is useful in his own way and does his own thing only. There is no leadership in any smuggling rings. Leadership will not emerge because the work involved is so specialized”.
According to Frontex, people smugglers give detailed descriptions of benefits of individual EU countries so they can compare the available benefits of for instance Sweden, Denmark and Germany before applying for asylum.
Child harvesting typically refers to situations where children are sold for adoption, but may also refer to situations in which children are trafficked to provide slave labor. It is particularly associated with and prevalent in some international adoption markets.
Infants who are trafficked are often eventually forced to work in plantations, mines and factories, as domestic workers or as sex workers. There have been a very few allegations of some child harvesting programs that provide infants to be tortured or sacrificed in black magic or witchcraft rituals. Nigerian security agents have uncovered a series of alleged baby factories in recent years, notably in the southeastern part of the country populated by the Igbos.
Human trafficking is widespread in west Africa, where children are bought from their families to work in plantations, mines and factories or as domestic help.
Others are sold into prostitution, and less commonly they are tortured or sacrificed in black magic rituals. Human trafficking, including selling children, is prohibited under Nigerian law (PDF), but almost 10 years ago a UNESCO report (PDF) on human trafficking in Nigeria identified the business as the country’s third-most common crime behind financial fraud and drug trafficking, and the situation certainly has not improved. At least 10 children are reportedly sold every day across the country.
Origins of Demand
Human trafficking in Kosovo has seen “a steep rise” since NATO troops and UN administrators took over Kosovo. According to Amnesty International, NATO servicemen and UN staff “generate 80% of the income” for pimps and human traffickers. UN Department of peacekeeping claimed that “peacekeepers have come to be seen as part of the problem in trafficking rather than the solution”. Amnesty found no evidence of criminal proceedings against NATO military personnel in their home countries.
Amnesty International reports that, “Some 406 foreign women were assisted by the IOM in Kosovo between December 2000 and December 2003. According to the IOM, 48 per cent of women who have entered its repatriation program – enabling them to return to their home country – originated from Moldova. Of the remainder, 21 per cent came from Romania, 14 per cent from Ukraine, six per cent from Bulgaria, three per cent from Albania and the remainder from Russia and Serbia proper.”
Reluctance of Kosovo administration
2010 Trafficking in Persons Report said “the Kosovo government did not follow the minimal measures to eliminate for the trafficking elimination”. This regards to both forced prostitution, and forced begging.
Carla Del Ponte, the former chief U.N. war crimes prosecutor, claimed in her memoirs, that at least 300 ethnic Serbs were murdered and their organs stolen by Kosovo Liberation Army during and after the Kosovo War in 1999. These claims were met with criticism in Albania and abroad.
In 2009, Serbian War Crimes Prosecutor Vladimir Vukčević claimed there was significant progress in investigation of the case of the yellow house, located in Northern Albania, where organs were harvested from kidnapped Serbs, non-Albanians from Kosovo, Czech and Russian citizens. Organs were later sold in the black market. Albanian administration of Kosovo denied to cooperate with Serbian and international investigators on the case, but several arrests of medics practicing illegal surgery were made in Kosovo, allegedly in connection to the case.
In February 2011, news site “France24” obtained classified documents showing UN had heard allegations in 2003 of human trafficking of human organs, with some named victims and testiomionials of involved Albanians. Report dating to 2003 describes criminal involvement of senior commanders of KLA.
See. Call. Save.
Do not at any time attempt to confront a suspected trafficker directly or alert a victim to your suspicions. Your safety as well as the victim’s safety is paramount. Instead, please contact local law enforcement directly or call the tip lines indicated on this page:
- Call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE (1-866-347-2423) to report suspicious criminal activity to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) Tip Line 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. Highly trained specialists take reports from both the public and law enforcement agencies on more than 400 laws enforced by ICE HSI, including those related to human trafficking. The Tip Line is accessible outside the United States by calling 802-872-6199.
- To get help from the National Human Trafficking Hotline (NHTH), call 1-888-373-7888 or text HELP or INFO to BeFree (233733). The NHTH can help connect victims with service providers in the area and provides training, technical assistance, and other resources. The NHTH is a national, toll-free hotline available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, every day of the year. The NHTH is not a law enforcement or immigration authority and is operated by a nongovernmental organization funded by the Federal government.
By identifying victims and reporting tips, you are doing your part to help law enforcement rescue victims, and you might save a life. Law enforcement can connect victims to services such as medical and mental health care, shelter, job training, and legal assistance that restore their freedom and dignity. The presence or absence of any of the indicators is not necessarily proof of human trafficking. It is up to law enforcement to investigate suspected cases of human trafficking.
Learn more about HSI investigations and the victims HSI has assisted from the ICE Newsroom.
Visit the links below to learn more about indicators of human trafficking and real cases of human trafficking.
Human Trafficking (miniseries)
There is no single profile of a trafficking victim. Victims of human trafficking can be anyone—regardless of race, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, education level, or citizenship status. But as is the case in many crimes of exploitation and abuse, human traffickers often prey upon members of marginalized communities and other vulnerable individuals, including children in the child welfare system or children in the child welfare system or children who have been involved in the juvenile justice system; runaway and homeless youth; unaccompanied children; persons who do not have lawful immigration status in the United States; Black people and other people of color; American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, and other indigenous peoples of North America; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Intersex (LGBTQI+) individuals; migrant laborers; persons with disabilities; and individuals with substance use disorder.
Although there is no defining characteristic that all human trafficking victims share, traffickers around the world frequently prey on individuals whose vulnerabilities, including poverty, limited English proficiency, or lack of lawful immigration status, are exacerbated by lack of stable, safe housing, and limited economic and educational opportunities. Trafficking victims are deceived by false promises of love, a good job, or a stable life and are lured or forced into situations where they are made to work under deplorable conditions with little or no pay. In the United States, trafficking victims can be American or foreign citizens.
Victims can be found in legal and illegal labor industries, including child care, elder care, the drug trade, massage parlors, nail and hair salons, restaurants, hotels, factories, and farms. In some cases, victims are hidden behind doors in domestic servitude in a home. Others are in plain view, interact with people on a daily basis, and are forced to work under extreme circumstances in exotic dance clubs, factories, or restaurants. Victims can be exploited for commercial sex in numerous contexts, including on the street, in illicit massage parlors, cantinas, brothels, or through escort services and online advertising. Trafficking situations can be found across the United States.
Just as there is no one type of trafficking victim, perpetrators of this crime also vary. Traffickers can be foreign nationals or U.S. citizens, family members, partners, acquaintances, and strangers. They can act alone or as part of an organized criminal enterprise. People often incorrectly assume that all traffickers are males; however, the United States has prosecuted cases against women traffickers. Traffickers can be pimps, gang members, diplomats, business owners, labor brokers, and farm, factory, and company owners.
Learn about what the Department of Justice is doing to combat human trafficking.
National Hotline Statistics
as of 12/2020
Contacts refer to incoming phone calls, texts, online chats, emails, and online tip reports received by the National Hotline.
Since December 2007
Human Trafficking Cases Reported
Since December 2007
Contacts This Year
Report Trafficking & Get Help
If you are a human trafficking victim or have information about a potential trafficking situation, call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) at 1-888-373-7888 or text 233733. NHTRC is a national, toll-free hotline, with specialists available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. You can also submit a tip on the NHTRC website.
If you believe a child is involved in a trafficking situation, submit a tip through the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children’s CyberTipline or call 1-800-THE-LOST. FBI personnel assigned to NCMEC review information that is provided to the CyberTipline.
Human Trafficking Task Forces
The most effective way to investigate human trafficking is through a collaborative, multi-agency approach with our federal, state, local, and tribal partners.
- FBI Child Exploitation and Human Trafficking Task Forces operate within nearly every FBI field office. The ultimate goal of these task forces is to recover victims and investigate traffickers at the state and federal level.
- The Anti-Trafficking Coordination Team Initiative builds human trafficking enforcement efforts and enhances access to specialized human trafficking subject matter experts, leads, and intelligence. Each team develops and implements a strategic action plan, which leads to high-impact federal investigations and prosecutions. The initiative is a collaborative effort among the FBI, the Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security, and Department of Labor. Twelve FBI field offices participate in the initiative, including Atlanta, Boston, Cleveland, El Paso, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis, Newark, Portland, and Sacramento.
- The Enhanced Collaborative Model Human Trafficking Program is a multi-agency task force initiative funded through the Department of Justice’s Office for Victims of Crime and Bureau of Justice Assistance. This program supports the development and enhancement of multi-disciplinary human trafficking task forces that implement collaborative approaches to combat all forms of human trafficking. These multi-disciplinary task forces include members from the U.S. Attorney’s Office, local prosecutor’s office, federal law enforcement, state/local law enforcement, and a community service provider, with the goal of proactively identifying and recovering victims of human trafficking.
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