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After Tokyo submitted their bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics, there was talk of possibly renovating or reconstructing the National Olympic Stadium. The stadium would host the opening and closing ceremonies as well as track and field events.
In February 2012, it was confirmed that the stadium would be demolished and reconstructed, and receive a £1 billion upgrade. In November 2012, renderings of the new national stadium were revealed, based on a design by architect Zaha Hadid. The stadium was demolished in 2015 and the new one was originally scheduled to be completed in March 2019. The new stadium will be the venue for athletics, rugby, some football games, and the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympics and Paralympics.
The Japanese government announced several changes to Hadid’s design in May 2015, citing budget constraints, including cancelling plans to build a retractable roof and converting some permanent seating to temporary seating. The site area was also reduced from 71 acres (290,000 m2) to 52 acres (210,000 m2). Several prominent Japanese architects, including Toyo Ito and Fumihiko Maki, criticized Hadid’s design, with Ito comparing it to a turtle and Maki calling it a white elephant; others criticized the stadium’s encroachment on the outer gardens of the Meiji Shrine. Arata Isozaki, on the other hand, commented that he was “shocked to see that the dynamism present in the original had gone” in the redesign of Hadid’s original plan.
The roof of the new stadium was particularly problematic from an engineering perspective, as it required the construction of two steel arches 370 metres (1,210 ft) long. Even after design changes, the stadium was estimated to cost over 300 billion yen, more than three times the cost of the London Olympic Stadium and more than five times the cost of the Beijing Olympic Stadium.
The Japanese government reached an agreement in June 2015 with Taisei Corporation and Takenaka Corporation to complete the stadium for a total cost of around 250 billion yen. The new plan maintained the steel arch design while reducing the permanent capacity of the stadium to 65,000 in track mode with an additional 15,000 simple temporary seats available, allowing for an 80,000 capacity for football and the 2019 Rugby World Cup.
However, on 17 July 2015, Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe announced that plans to build the new National Stadium would be scrapped and rebid upon amid public discontent over the stadium’s building costs. As a result, Abe said that a replacement venue would have to be selected for the Rugby World Cup, as the new stadium would not be ready until the 2020 Olympics.
As of 28 August 2015, the Japanese Government released new standards for the National Stadium’s reconstruction. The fixed capacity would be 68,000 and be expandable to 80,000 through the use of temporary seats over the athletics track. The government also abandoned the retractable roof; instead a permanent roof will be constructed over the spectator seating only.
And also, a sports museum and sky walkway that were part of the scrapped design were eliminated, while VIP lounges and seats were reduced, along with reduced underground parking facilities. These reductions result in a site of 198,500 square meters, 13% less than originally planned. Air conditioning for the stadium was also abandoned upon request of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, and when asked about the abandonment Minister for the Olympics Toshiaki Endo stated that, “Air conditioners are installed in only two stadiums around the world, and they can only cool temperatures by 2 or 3°C”.
Concern over indoor temperatures has also been raised, since, for cost reduction, Tokyo’s New National Stadium was built without an air conditioner, and the roof was constructed over the spectator seating only.
The government slated a decision on contractors and a design by December 2015, with construction to begin at its latest in December 2016. Designers partnered with contractors to submit a design alongside construction cost and timing estimates. It has been revealed that the athletics track will be a permanent feature not to be demolished for the additional 12,000 seats for any future World Cup bid. As of 18 September 2015, two contractors submitted bids for the process: the Taisei Corporation working with architect Kengo Kuma, and a consortium of several major Japanese contractors including the Takenaka, Shimizu, and Obayashi corporations working with architect Toyo Ito. Former winning architect Zaha Hadid was unable to find a (Japanese) contractor willing to work with her design, and was therefore forced to abandon efforts to resubmit her revised design in the new competition.
On 21 December 2015, the Japan Sport Council announced that Kuma and the Taisei Corporation had been selected to design and construct the National Olympic Stadium. The stadium began construction in December 2016, and was set to conclude on 30 November 2019 when the stadium would be handed over to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for necessary games and ceremony preparations, including test events. The new design would hold 68,089 in athletics mode with the ability to construct temporary seating over the permanent track to create an increased capacity of 80,016. Capacity during the Olympic Games will be 60,102 taking into account press and executive seating areas. This capacity is further lessened for the Paralympics to 57,750 to add more handicap accessible seating. However, all events were held behind closed doors, so no spectators were allowed.
The inauguration took place on 21 December 2019 with a special ceremony.
The stadium’s inaugural sporting event, the 2019 Emperor’s Cup final, took place on 1 January 2020. Vissel Kobe won their first ever trophy.
In October 2021, the Government of Japan decided to keep the athletics track and scrap the initial plan of removing it for an increased capacity for football and rugby matches, which was originally set in 2017. Additionally, it was announced that the stadium is currently bidding for hosting the 2025 World Athletics Championships. The 2025 Athletics Championship will be the first major spectator event for athletics at the stadium.
Japan National Stadium
The former National Stadium was built as the main venue for the Third Asian Games in 1958 and Tokyo Olympic Games in 1964 on the grounds of the former Meiji Shrine Gaien Stadium. It was designed to evoke “strength”, “simplicity”, and “grace”. The former National Stadium was tore down and rebuilt the stadium in the lead-up to the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games. New National Stadium (Japan National Stadium) was in the completed on November 30, 2019.
- Turf area: Approx. 7,600㎡
- Land area: Approx. 109,800㎡
- Building area: Approx. 69,600㎡
- Total area: Approx. 192,000㎡
- Structure: Twe underground floors, and five floors above ground story steel structure and steel frame reinforced concrete, etc.
- Height: Approx. 47m
- Capacity: Approx. 67,750seats
Japan National Stadium leaflet [1.48MB]
A material that overview of the Japan National Stadium [5.57MB]
Yoyogi 1st Gymnasium
The 1st Gymnasium was built for the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games, featuring a suspended roof with high tensile strength reinforcement. The Gymnasium is famous in the world for its unique design and for hosting various sporting events as well as cultural events.
- Tokyo Olympic Games (swimming events)
- High School Volleyball Championship Tournament
- FIVB Volleyball World Championship
- ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final
- Among others
- Building area: 14,426㎡
- Total area: 28,705㎡
- Arena area: 4,000㎡
- Capacity: 8,636 seats(not including arena seats)
- *At the time of the Tokyo Olympic Games, there was a 50m x 8 course pool for swimming competitions and a pool for springboard diving events.
Yoyogi 2nd Gymnasium
As it was the case for the 1st Gymnasium, the 2nd Gymnasium was built as a venue for the Tokyo Olympic Games, and has a bowl-shaped structure with a magnificent cone-shaped ceiling. The Gymnasium hosts various sports competitions such as basketball games, and is also used as training venue for major events.
- Tokyo Olympic Games (basketball events)
- All Japan Basketball
- Uber Cup, the World Team Championships for Women (badminton)
- All-Japan Badminton Championships
- Among others
- Building area: 3,872㎡
- Total area: 5,644㎡
- Arena area: 1,300㎡
- Capacity: 2,803 seats(not including arena seats)
Because of the seismic renovation works, we are suspending the operation of the 2nd Gymnasium and indoor swimming pool.
1958年（昭和33年）に開場した国立霞ヶ丘競技場陸上競技場（旧・国立競技場）の老朽化対応と、東京オリンピック・パラリンピックの主会場とすることを念頭に、旧・国立競技場の全面改築により建てられた施設で、新国立競技場の仮称にて2012年より建設事業に着手。2016年12月に着工し、2019年7月3日に開場後の正式名称が『国立競技場』となることが日本スポーツ振興センターより発表され、2019年11月に竣工。2019年12月21日に施設の開場式（オープニングイベント）を開催した。スポーツイベントとしてのこけら落しは2020年1月1日の天皇杯 JFA 第99回全日本サッカー選手権大会決勝・ヴィッセル神戸vs鹿島アントラーズで、神戸が鹿島を破り初優勝を果たした。
Tokyo 2020—The New National Stadium
The New National Stadium is the centerpiece of Tokyo’s Olympic and Paralympic facilities. The distinctive wooden lattice framework and design blends ultra-modern and traditional Japanese architectural techniques, including 70,000 cubic feet of Ryukyu Pine and cedarwood, symbolically taken from all of Japan’s 47 prefectures.
The 68,000-seat stadium, located a stone’s throw from the outer gardens of Meiji-jingu Shrine and within sight of the skyscrapers of Shinjuku, will host the opening and closing ceremonies for both the Olympics and Paralympics, as well as track and field events and several soccer matches.
The 157-billion-yen (1.4 billion USD) stadium was a joint enterprise between renowned architect Kengo Kuma, Taisei Corporation and Azusa Sekkei.
- Fluid lines of wood and steel
- The beautiful structure inspired by a pagoda
- Unobstructed views from every seat and sloped seating
The stadium is a one-minute walk from Kokuritsu-Kyogijo Station on the Toei-Oedo Subway line or five minutes on foot from Sendagaya Station on the overland Chuo-Sobu line, operated by East Japan Railway Co. Alternatively, it is a 15-minute walk from Gaienmae Station on the Ginza subway line.
A design for the 21st Century
The beautiful stadium was built with both practicality and style in mind: Japan’s opportunity to showcase its advanced technology and eye for design. The wooden elements give the stadium a highly distinctive—and very Kengo Kuma—aesthetic. The three stories slope steeply so that even those in higher seats can feel the buzz of the games on the field.
Most importantly, Kuma has addressed concerns about the Tokyo summer heat by creating a structure that is designed to let in the wind. Layered eaves, like those seen in traditional Japanese pagodas, have been implemented to “catch” the wind and redirect it throughout the stadium to control the heat and humidity for spectators and athletes alike. Tiered levels have vegetation on various concourses and the design has been broadly welcomed for its clever use of greenery.
The original National Stadium
The stadium stands on the site of the previous National Stadium, which hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games. These Games were the first Olympics to be held in Asia and the first to be broadcast around the world in color (albeit partially). For Japan, the Games were deeply symbolic of the rebuilding of the nation after the devastation of World War II and its reintegration into the international community. Emperor Hirohito officially opened the 14-day event.
The stadium hosted the Asian Games and athletics World Championships as well as international and domestic soccer and rugby matches. It was also the venue for a concert by The Three Tenors in 1996.
Despite this rich legacy, however, there were problems. The stadium’s capacity was less than 60,000, it had no roof for the majority of spectators, and had suffered general wear-and-tear. Therefore, the government decided to demolish the structure and replace it with a state-of-the-art facility—one suitable for a city bidding to host the 2020 Games.
In November 2012, the Japanese government announced that British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid had won the bid for the design of the new stadium with a truly space-age concept. However, concerns with costs and aesthetics led to the shelving of that plan. Japanese architect Kengo Kuma then took over the reins in collaboration with construction firms Taisei Corporation and Azusa Sekkei.
A facility for the present and future
Athletes representing 151 nations will parade into the 68,000-capacity stadium during the Opening Ceremony to kick off the Olympic buzz. Athletic heats will make up many of the initial events, leading up to the crown jewel in the track and field calendar—the men’s 100-meter final. After the Closing Ceremony, organizers have 16 days to prepare the venue for the Paralympic Games, which will see around 4,400 athletes competing in 22 sports.
Once the games are over, the stadium will be used for soccer and rugby matches for Japan’s national teams, as well as hosting domestic cup finals. The stadium is central to Tokyo’s future bids for other major regional sporting tournaments, such as the Asian Games or the Asian Athletics Championships. The government has also confirmed that it will be used for cultural events.
* The information on this page may be subject to change due to COVID-19.
Experience the union of nature, creativity, and sport at the Japan National Stadium
The Japan National Stadium, designed by Japanese architect Kengo Kuma and his team, served as the main stadium for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020.
Copyright：JAPAN SPORT COUNCIL
- Watch a variety of sporting events at this state-of-the-art stadium
- Take a relaxing walk in the “Sora no Mori” garden on the fifth floor and enjoy the view of the city
- The facility was specially designed to be accessible to all people regardless of age or disability
The stadium features wooden lattices and greenery that harmonizes with the nature of the connecting parks. While the special construction of the roof is pleasing to the eye, it also serves a functional purpose. Wind is channeled into the stadium to help circulate the air, carrying heat and moisture away from the field and spectators as a natural, eco-friendly form of climate control. The wooden eaves which surround the perimeter of the stadium use timber from each of Japan’s 47 prefectures.
Accessible seating on every tier allows for everyone to be able to enjoy watching an event. The “Sora no Mori” garden on the fifth floor stretches around the entire stadium, offering a wide view of Tokyo. Even if there aren’t any sporting events going on, the public garden allows any visitor to enjoy a stroll around this state-of-the-art facility.
- Kokuritsu-kyogijo StationToei Oedo LineExit A2 | 1 min on foot
For updated information on opening hours, closings, prices, and more, please check the official website or ask the facility directly.
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26.4 x 1.2 x 18.9 cm
- Amazon 売れ筋ランキング: – 404,341位本 (本の売れ筋ランキングを見る)
- – 4,914位建築 (本)
History of the National Tokyo Stadium
The 1964 Olympics were a momentous moment for Japan. The country has recovered quickly from the ashes of the Second World War but the games were the country’s chance to shine on the international stage. The games were a huge success and the National Stadium was the main venue.
The moment that Tokyo submitted their 2020 Olympic bid, there was talk of reconstructing the National Olympic Stadium which was such a success in the ‘64 games.
Plans for the new stadium were officially unveiled in 2012 by the Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid (“Queen of the Curve”). However, the ambitious plans were met with raised eyebrows and it was difficult to find a supplier willing to work with the expensive costs.
Eventually a deal was reached in 2015 with the Taisei Corporation and the Takenaka Corporation. A budget was set at 155 billion yen (approximately 1.1 billion euros) was allocated and Kengo Kuma, a leading Japanese architect, was put in charge of the project.
Although the 1964 stadium was exceptionally innovative for its time, the reconstruction would have blown the minds of the original spectators. It will be state-of-the-art stadium, nothing short of what the world has come to expect from Japan.
How to access the New National Stadium
The best way of getting to the Tokyo Olympic Stadium will be by public transport as the traffic around the location will be very heavy. There are numerous ways of reaching the stadium.
The best way of getting there with your JR Sobu Line to Sendagaya Station or Shinanomachi Station (the JR Pass does not cover the private metro in Tokyo).
Read more: Getting around Tokyo
By train or metro
- JR Sobu Line: 5-minute walk from Sendagaya Station or Shinanomachi Station.
- Subway Oedo Line: 1-minute walk from Kokuritsu-kyogijo Station.
- Subway Ginza Line: 15-minute walk from Gaienmae Station.
- Toei bus (81): 5-minute walk from Sendagayaeki-Mae bus stop.
- Toei bus (77): 5-minute walk from Sendagayaeki-Mae bus stop.