私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
j league 2, /j-league-2,
私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
j league 2, 2022-02-28, 原さん、最後の理事会後生配信。Ｊリーグ理事会後の生配信（2022年2月）！Ｊリーグをもっと好きになる情報番組「ＪリーグTV」2022年2月28日（月）, Ｊリーグ副理事長の原 博実がお届けするＪリーグをもっと好きになる情報番組「ＪリーグTV」。今回は2022年度 第2回Ｊリーグ理事会（2022年2月28日開催）で決まったことや話し合ったことについて生配信でお届けします！#Jリーグ
Tweets by J_League
1999年にJリーグの2部化によって誕生した。初年度のJ2参入クラブは、J1参入決定戦でJ1参入が叶わなかった2クラブと第7回ジャパンフットボールリーグ (1998年) の参加クラブのうち将来的なJリーグ入りを希望していた8クラブの計10クラブで争われた。2012年以降は22クラブで行われており、成績上位のクラブはJ1リーグ（明治安田生命J1リーグ）へ昇格し、成績下位のクラブはJ3リーグ（明治安田生命J3リーグ）へ降格する。
開始当初から2014年までは「Jリーグ ディビジョン2」（英: J. LEAGUE DIVISION 2）の呼称を用いており、リーグとしての冠スポンサーは存在しなかった。
Amateur era (until 1999)
A national second tier of Japanese association football was first established in 1972, when the Japan Soccer League formed a Second Division. Among the founding 10 clubs, 5 later competed in the J.League: Toyota Motors (inaugural champion), Yomiuri, Fujitsu, Kyoto Shiko Club and Kofu Club.
The new division consisted of 10 clubs, like the First Division, and initially required both the champion and runner-up teams to play off a Promotion/Relegation series of test matches against the top flight’s bottom clubs. The requirement was abolished for the champions in 1980, and for the runners-up in 1984.
Prior to 1977, the way for clubs to gain access to the Second Division was by making the finals of the All Japan Senior Football Championship and then playing off in their own Promotion/Relegation series against the second tier’s bottom clubs. After 1977, the new Regional Football League Competition served as provider of aspiring League clubs. In 1985, the Second Division increased to 12 clubs and in 1986, the number reached 16. Until 1989, the table was divided into East and West groups, depending on geographical location; after that year and until 1992 the table was unified.
In 1992, following the formation of the J.League, the JSL Second Division was renamed the (former) Japan Football League. The league was divided into two hierarchical, unequal divisions of 10 clubs each. In 1994, the JFL was again reunified into a single division. As the J.League expanded in numbers, the need for another second tier with promotion and relegation arose, as the number of clubs which wanted to become professional increased (particularly in the case of Shonan Bellmare, Kashiwa Reysol, Cerezo Osaka and Júbilo Iwata, who had been JSL First Division champions but had not been chosen for the inaugural J.League season).
Professionalization era (1999–2004)
The infrastructure of the league was heavily changed in 1999. The new division acquired nine clubs from the semi-professional JFL and one relegated club from J.League to create a two-division system, both being the professional leagues. The top flight became the J.League Division 1 (J1) with 16 clubs while J.League Division 2 (J2) was launched with ten clubs in 1999. The second-tier (former) Japan Football League became the third-tier Japan Football League at that time.
The criteria for becoming a J2 club were not as strict as those for the top division. This allowed smaller cities and towns to maintain a club successfully without investing as much as clubs in J1. In fact, clubs like Mito HollyHock only draw an average of 3,000 fans a game and receive minimal sponsorship, yet still field fairly competitive teams in J2.
Clubs in J2 took time to build their teams for J1 promotion, as they also tried to gradually improve their youth systems, their home stadium, their financial status, and their relationship with their hometown. Clubs such as Oita Trinita, Albirex Niigata, Kawasaki Frontale, and Ventforet Kofu accomplished this successfully. All these clubs originally started as J2 in 1999 and were comparatively small, but they eventually earned J1 promotion, in 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 respectively. Even though Kofu and Ōita were later relegated back to Division 2, they are well-established association football clubs, managing to average 10,000 fans per game.
The league also began to follow European game formats, as time went on. In the first three seasons (1999–2001), games were played with extra time for regular league matches if there was no winner at end of the regulation. The extra time was abolished in 2002, and the league adopted the standard 3-1-0 points system.
Early expansion era (2004–2009)
Two Japan Football League clubs, Mito HollyHock and Yokohama FC joined the J2 League in the 2000 and 2001 seasons. Mito initially tried in the 1999 season, but failed, having better luck the following year. On the other hand, Yokohama FC was formed by the fans of Yokohama Flügels, who went defunct after the merger with Yokohama F. Marinos on 1 January 1999. In essence, these two clubs could and should have joined the league in the inaugural year with the original ten clubs, and it was inevitable that they were eventually accepted by the league.
However, besides these two clubs, it seemed that there was no interest from the lower-level clubs; the second division did not see any further expansion for a few seasons. In 2004, however, two clubs showed interest as Thespa Kusatsu and Tokushima Vortis were accepted to the league. Two years later, in the 2006 season, Ehime FC followed in their footsteps. It turned out that many clubs were aiming for membership at the professional level. However, in the early 2000s, these clubs were still in the regional leagues, and it took them three to four years to even eye professionalism.
Clearly, the concept of second-tier professional association football – the fact that clubs can compete at the professional level with low budgets, was something that attracted many amateur clubs across the Japanese nation. At the beginning of the 2006 season, the league took a survey to determine the number of non-league clubs interested in joining the professional league. The results showed that about 40 to 60 clubs in Japan had plans to professionalize over the next 30 years. From the league’s perspective, the J.League ‘Hundred Year Vision’ from the late 90s has been moving in a positive direction.
In light of this, league management formed a committee and looked at two practical options for further expansion – either expand the second division or form a third division. In other words, the league had a choice between letting the non-league clubs achieve the J2 standard, or forming a third division with non-league clubs, where these clubs can prepare for J2. After conducting several case studies, the committee made a professional assessment that it was in the best interest of the league to expand the J2 to 22 clubs rather than form a third division. Several reasons led the committee to this decision:
- The Japan Football League, then the third tier in the Japanese football league system, was already serving the purpose of preparing the non-league clubs.
- At the time, most non-league clubs interested in professionalism were still in the regional or prefectural leagues, two to four levels below J2.
- Twenty-two clubs is the perfect number for the J2 league, as it allows enough home games for annual revenue, while keeping the competition a fair double-round-robin format.
- Most European leagues have similar association football pyramids, where there are more clubs in 2nd and 3rd-tier leagues than in the top flight.
The committee also reintroduced Associate Membership System in the 2006 season. This allowed the committee to identify interested non-league clubs and provide necessary resources to them. The membership was exclusively given to non-league clubs that had intentions of joining the J.League, while meeting most of the criteria for J2 promotion. Several clubs in the Japan Football League and Regional Leagues have applied for and received membership. Associate members finishing in the top 4 of the JFL were promoted to J2. Following the promotion of Ehime FC, six more clubs joined J2 League through this system.
As the number of clubs increased, the league format changed from a quadruple round-robin to a triple round-robin format. This was adopted during the 2008 season with 15 clubs and the 2009 season with 18 clubs. In 2009, the J2 league also saw an increase in promotion slots to three, to accommodate the eighteen-club league. As a result, the Promotion/Relegation Series, which allowed the third-place J2 clubs to fight for J1 slots for the following season, was abolished, after its introduction in the 2004 season.
Introduction of double round-robin (2010–2011)
When the league reached 19 clubs in the 2010 season, the J2 League adopted the double round-robin format. The league continued to expand to 22 clubs, and until then there was no relegation to the Japan Football League. In the next few seasons, the maximum number of clubs that could be promoted to J2 was decided by taking the difference of twenty-two minus the number of clubs in J2.
End of expansion and J2 Playoffs (2012–present)
When the league reached 22 clubs, two new regulations were introduced. Only the top two clubs earn automatic promotion, while clubs from 3rd to 6th entered playoffs for the final third promotion slot, as in the English Football League Championship, Serie B, or Segunda División.
However, the rules will be heavily slanted to favor those with higher league placement:
- The team third in the standings will face the sixth place team, and the fourth place team will face the fifth, as in the European leagues; however, unlike these leagues, the round will be only one match, at the home side of the higher placed team.
- The winners of the two matches meet at the home side of the higher placed team, or potentially at a neutral venue (likely Tokyo National Stadium). The winner of this match is promoted to J1.
- In all matches, in case of a draw after regulation time, the team that ended the season with the higher placement in the league table will be considered the winner, so there will be no extra time and/or penalty shootout.
- If teams ineligible for promotion finished above sixth, they will not be allowed to participate in the playoffs. Instead, the highest ranked team(s) will receive byes.
Current plans (2013–present)
Starting in 2013, a club licensing system was implemented. Clubs failing to fulfill this licensing requirement can be relegated to the third tier, regardless of their league position. The third-tier league, J3 League, was established in 2014, targeting teams having ambitions to reach the J.League. The structure of J2 is likely to remain stable.
Since 2017, two clubs are promoted from and relegated to J3 and starting in 2018, the J2 playoffs winner plays against the 16th-placed J1 club after discussions were held during the prior season. If the J2 playoff winner prevails, the club is promoted, with the J1 club being relegated, otherwise the J1 club can retain its position in J1 with the promotion failure of the J2 club.
|Year||Important Events||# J2
Locations of the 2022 J2 League teams
Greater Tokyo Area J2 League teams
- ^ centering on Okayama, Kurashiki, Tsuyama
- ^ Mito, Hitachinaka, Kasama, Naka, Omitama, Ibaraki, Shirosato, Oarai, Tokai
- ^ centering on Yamagata, Tendo, Tsuruoka
- ^ centering on Okinawa
- ^ centering on Kusatsu and Maebashi
- ^ centering on Nagasaki and Isahaya
- ^ centering on Kofu and Nirasaki
- ^ centering on Kanazawa, Nonoichi, Kahoku, Tsubata, Tsubata
Personnel and kits
Amateur era (until 2013)
A national third tier of Japanese association football was first established along with its professionalization in 1992, when the newly created Japan Football League kicked off with two tiers below the professional J. League. Among the 10 original clubs of the third tier included the forerunners to Kyoto Sanga FC, Ventforet Kofu, Omiya Ardija, Avispa Fukuoka and Vissel Kobe (the latter two being located in different regions from their J. League successors). But after a number of clubs were lost for various reasons – some were promoted to J.League and the others folded – the league contracted the second division in 1994 and continued with the single second-tier division.
The third tier football was reintroduced in 1999 upon creation of fully professional J2. The old JFL was dissolved but a new Japan Football League was formed the same year in order to establish a nationwide top-tier amateur league. But despite its officially amateur status the league quickly became de facto semi-professional, serving as the cradle of the future J. League members. Since the establishment of associate membership system in 2006 the number of professional clubs holding or actively seeking for this status has grown steadily and reached its peak in 2013 season when 6 full members and 2 former candidates made up to almost half of the league’s 18 teams. Through the course of the season this number grew even bigger, to 10 full associate members that formed the core of J3.
Professionalization and establishment (2013)
Close to the end of 2012 football season Japanese media began to spread rumors about the upcoming professional third-tier league, referred to as either “J3” or “J.Challenge League”. Most of the sources agreed that the new league will feature around 10–12 clubs, most of which will be associate members. The league would also provide more relaxed licensing criteria in comparison to J2 – e.g. the stadium seating capacity of just 3,000 with no mandatory floodlighting.
After the discussion on J1-J2 Joint Committee on 16 January 2013, all J.League clubs agreed in principle with an establishment of the new league starting 2014. This decision was formally put into force by J.League Council in a 26 February executive meeting. The league was planned to launch with 10 teams, but another session of J.League Council in July decided that inaugural season of J3 will feature 12 teams.
To participate, a club must have held an associate membership, or have submitted an application before 30 June 2013, and then passed an inspection to obtain a participation licence issued by J.League Council. On 19 November, J.League confirmed the following clubs to participate in the inaugural J3 season:
- Gainare Tottori (relegated from 2013 J.League Division 2)
- Blaublitz Akita (JFL)
- Machida Zelvia (JFL)
- SC Sagamihara (JFL)
- Nagano Parceiro (JFL)
- Zweigen Kanazawa (JFL)
- YSCC Yokohama (JFL)
- FC Ryukyu (JFL)
- Fukushima United (JFL)
- Fujieda MYFC (JFL)
- Grulla Morioka (Tōhoku League, 2013 Tōhoku League Champion and Regional Promotion Series Champion)
- J.League U-22 team, composed of the best J1 and J2 youngsters to prepare them for the 2016 Olympics
The league has not provided a clear expansion timeline yet but it was most likely that J3 continued to accommodate new teams after its inaugural season. The following is a list of clubs that may get promoted to J.League in the near future:
- Nara Club (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- ReinMeer Aomori (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- FC Osaka (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- Veertien Mie (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- Verspah Oita (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- Criacao Shinjuku (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Kochi United SC (JFL) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status and J3 license holders
- Tochigi City (KSL Division 1) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Vonds Ichihara (KSL Division 1) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Tokyo 23 FC (KSL Division 1) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Nankatsu SC (KSL Division 1) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Cobaltore Onagawa (Tohoku Soccer League) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
- Okinawa SV (Kyushu Soccer League) – J.League 100 Year Plan club status
Other teams have applied for J.League associate membership but were denied. Most of these clubs continue to aim for J3 as their ultimate goal.
- MIO Biwako Shiga (JFL)
Three teams, one withdrew its J3 license, another its J.League 100 Year Plan status, formerly associate membership, and the third was deprived of both:
Some sources claim that J3 was intended to reach up to 60 clubs in the future, being split into three regionalized divisions running in parallel.
|Year||Important events||No. J3
A J.League U-22 Selection is also included, composed of the best J1 and J2 youngsters to prepare them for the 2016 Olympics.
- 2003 TDK SC season
- 2004 TDK SC season
- 2005 TDK SC season
- 2006 TDK SC season
- 2007 TDK SC season
- 2008 TDK SC season
- 2009 TDK SC season
- 2010 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2011 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2012 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2013 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2014 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2015 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2016 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2017 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2018 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2019 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2020 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2021 Blaublitz Akita season
- 2022 Blaublitz Akita season
The club was formed in 1956 under the simple name Kanazawa Soccer Club and adopted its current identity in 2006. The Hokushinetsu region, long sleepy in football terms and whose potential only arose with Albirex Niigata leading the way, provided few opportunities for Kanazawa to rise in Japan’s football ranks until the late 2000s. On 19 December 2009 they were promoted to the JFL after beating FC Kariya at the promotion/relegation playoff with 2–1 aggregate score, following a third-place finish in the 2009 All Japan Regional Football Promotion League Series.
On December 15, 2010, a new management company called Zweigen, Inc. was established in order to apply to the J-League associate membership.
On January 7, 2011 the team applied for J-League associate membership.
On 16 November 2014, Zweigen became the inaugural J3 League champions, and having gained a licence to compete in J. League Division 2 will participate in Japanese club football’s second tier for the 2015 season.
Name and symbolism
The name “Zweigen” is a portmanteau of the German zwei, for the number 2, and gen, to advance. In Kanazawa dialect, the phrase tsuyoi noda! (We’re strong!) became tsuee gen! by double entendre. In German, the word Zweigen means branches (dative—nominative: Zweige), and owing to this, a fleur-de-lis is a key part of the club’s crest.
- 【サプライズ】北澤豪さん登場で大喜び！｜障がい者スポーツプログラム＆就労体験【Green Heart Project】
- ©️TOKYO VERDY
- 2022/11/2 9:00
- ©︎zweigen Kanazawa
- 2022/10/31 22:05
- 【U-15】練習に潜入！リーグ戦振り返り「布施田翔太」「平良晟也」【U-12】全日県予選に向けて「稲本理仁」「得永温太」「ZWEIGEN FUTURE supported by 人形の堀川」
- ©︎zweigen Kanazawa
- 2022/10/31 18:00
- 明治安田生命J2リーグ【J1参入PO 1回戦】岡山 vs 山形 ダイジェスト
- 2022/10/31 16:00