japanese people| 有名人の最新ニュースを読者にお届けします。
私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
japanese people, /japanese-people,
Video: 5 Annoying Things About Japan
私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
japanese people, 2017-03-07, 5 Annoying Things About Japan, Overall, Japan is a fantastic place to live and work, but as you pass through the honeymoon phase of culture shock, some small things begin to niggle away at you. Yes, that’s right, this is the ‘Frustration Phase’ of Culture Shock.
So as a response to this, I decided to make a video about some of the annoying things about Japan for a South African., Booth In Japan
Theories of origins
Archaeological evidence indicates that Stone Age people lived in the Japanese archipelago during the Paleolithic period between 39,000 and 21,000 years ago. Japan was then connected to mainland Asia by at least one land bridge, and nomadic hunter-gatherers crossed to Japan. Flint tools and bony implements of this era have been excavated in Japan.
In the 18th century, Arai Hakuseki suggested that the ancient stone tools in Japan were left behind by the Shukushin. Later, Philipp Franz von Siebold argued that the Ainu people were indigenous to northern Japan. Iha Fuyū suggested that Japanese and Ryukyuan people have the same ethnic origin, based on his 1906 research on the Ryukyuan languages. In the Taishō period, Torii Ryūzō claimed that Yamato people used Yayoi pottery and Ainu used Jōmon pottery.
After World War II, Kotondo Hasebe and Hisashi Suzuki claimed that the origin of Japanese people was not newcomers in the Yayoi period (300 BCE – 300 CE) but the people in the Jōmon period. However, Kazuro Hanihara announced a new racial admixture theory in 1984 and a “dual structure model” in 1991. According to Hanihara, modern Japanese lineages began with Jōmon people, who moved into the Japanese archipelago during Paleolithic times, followed by a second wave of immigration, from East Asia to Japan during the Yayoi period (300 BC). Following a population expansion in Neolithic times, these newcomers then found their way to the Japanese archipelago sometime during the Yayoi period. As a result, replacement of the hunter gatherers was common in the island regions of Kyūshū, Shikoku, and southern Honshū, but did not prevail in the outlying islands of Okinawa and Hokkaidō, and the Ryukyuan and Ainu people show mixed characteristics. Mark J. Hudson claims that the main ethnic image of Japanese people was biologically and linguistically formed from 400 BCE to 1,200 CE. Currently, the most well-regarded theory is that present-day Japanese people formed from both the Yayoi rice-agriculturalists and the various Jōmon period ethnicities. However, some recent studies have argued that the Jōmon people had more ethnic diversity than originally suggested or that the people of Japan bear significant genetic signatures from three ancient populations rather than just two.
Jōmon and Yayoi periods
Some of the world’s oldest known pottery pieces were developed by the Jōmon people in the Upper Paleolithic period, dating back as far as 16,000 years. The name “Jōmon” (縄文 Jōmon) means “cord-impressed pattern”, and comes from the characteristic markings found on the pottery. The Jōmon people were mostly hunter-gatherers, but also practicized early agriculture, such as Azuki bean cultivation. At least one middle to late Jōmon site (Minami Mizote (南溝手), ca. 1200–1000 BC) had also a primitive rice-growing agriculture. They relied primarily on fish and nuts for protein. The ethnic roots of the Jōmon period population were heterogeneous and can be traced back to ancient Northeast Asia, the Tibetan plateau, ancient Taiwan, and Siberia.
Beginning around 300 BC, the Yayoi people from the Korean Peninsula entered the Japanese islands and displaced or intermingled with the Jōmon. The Yayoi brought wet-rice farming and advanced bronze and iron technology to Japan. The more productive paddy field systems allowed the communities to support larger populations and spread over time, in turn becoming the basis for more advanced institutions and heralding the new civilization of the succeeding Kofun period.
The estimated population of Japan in the late Jōmon period was about eight hundred thousand, compared to about three million by the Nara period. Taking the growth rates of hunting and agricultural societies into account, it is calculated that about one and half million immigrants moved to Japan in the period. According to Ann Kumar, the Yayoi created the “Japanese-hierarchical society”.
Consolidation and feudal periods
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2021)
During the Japanese colonial period of 1895 to 1945, the phrase “Japanese people” was used to refer not only to residents of the Japanese archipelago, but also to people from colonies who held Japanese citizenship, such as Taiwanese people and Korean people. The official term used to refer to ethnic Japanese during this period was “inland people” (内地人, naichijin). Such linguistic distinctions facilitated forced assimilation of colonized ethnic identities into a single Imperial Japanese identity.
After the end of World War II, many Nivkh people and Orok people from southern Sakhalin, who held Japanese citizenship in the Karafuto Prefecture, were forced to repatriate to Hokkaidō by the Soviet Union as a part of the Japanese people. On the other hand, many Sakhalin Koreans who had held Japanese citizenship until the end of the war were left stateless by the Soviet occupation.
In Bangalore, the Japanese community has increased by approximately 3000 in the last few years. The vast majority of the community works for Toyota Kirloskar, Honda, Fujitsu, Komatsu, Hitachi, Tsujikawa, Keihin, and 80 other Japanese corporates. Bangalore attracts over 1800 Japanese business visitors every month. The Karnataka government has announced to set up an industrial township on 1,000 acres of land outside Bangalore for Japanese manufacturers. The growing Japanese influence in Bangalore is exemplified by students learning Japanese at the Department of Foreign Languages at Bangalore University. Bangalore has a Japanese-influenced Sakra World Hospital, a Kenkos store for lifestyle products.
The Japanese Association of Bengaluru runs a Japanese Supplementary School Hoshū jugyō kō or (補習授業校), or hoshūkō (補習校) in the premises of Trio World Academy. which is a Japanese-friendly school.
Japan Habba (Japan Festival) has been held in Bangalore since 2005 and about 1,000 Japanese people from various parts of India travel to Bangalore to join in the festival.
Many Japanese restaurants exist in Bangalore, and some are owned by Japanese people.
Chennai is home to the largest Japanese community in India around 8200 members. Chennai has traditionally respected and valued Japanese culture and discipline. As of 2015, around 577 Japanese companies are present in Chennai, which represents more than a third of the Japanese companies in India. Japanese language centers have sprung up and American International School Chennai has opened a center that teaches the language; there are about 55 Japanese restaurants while hotels continue to add Japanese cuisine to their menus. The Japanese influence in the city has resulted in a keen interest in the Japanese language among the people of Chennai, who learn it to better understand Japanese culture and the language’s traditional linguistic similarity to Tamil, the official language of Tamil Nadu. Some also learn Japanese to explore new business opportunities. The Indo-Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IJCCI) aims to increase cultural competence between India and Japan. They regularly host Japanese cultural events to expose the Chennai community to an otherwise unknown culture.  Chennai has the largest number of JLPT test takers among the cities that offer the test in India. 
The number of Japanese expatriates is expected to rise with the development of a 1500-acre Japanese township on the outskirts of Chennai.
The Japanese community of Haldia is mostly engineers and top executives at Mitsubishi Chemicals Corporation’s (MCC) PTA (Purified Terephthalic Acid) plant in the city. The community have been living in the mini Japanese township called Sataku (Japantown) for many years. Sataku has many Japanese restaurants and a local Japanese news station. Japanese movies are also shown in local theaters. Haldia is the only Indian city to have a Japantown.
The only problem for tourists to this Japantown is that it is not open to public. You need to be invited as a guest of one of the residents to gain entry to the complex. Also, the exact location is not available on Google Maps and not known to most locals or local traffic police.
The commissioning of the PTA plant and subsequent expansions have seen the arrival of many Japanese executives. While a few have returned, many stayed back in this quaint township, thousands of miles away from their home land. The next phase of expansion promises to bring in more Japanese expatriates to this new industrial hub in West Bengal.
There were 321 Japanese establishments and 347 Japanese citizens residing in Gujarat as of March 2019.
From the point of view of genetic studies, Japanese people:
- descend from both the Yayoi people and the heterogeneous Jōmon population.[self-published source?]
- are genetically most similar to Ryukyuans, Ainu people and Koreans as well as other East Asian people.
A common origin of Japanese has been proposed by a number of scholars since Arai Hakuseki first brought up the theory and Fujii Sadamoto, a pioneer of modern archaeology in Japan, also treated the issue in 1781. But after the end of World War II, Kotondo Hasebe and Hisashi Suzuki claimed that the origin of Japanese people was not the newcomers in the Yayoi period (300 BCE – 300 CE) but the people in the Jōmon period. However, Kazuro Hanihara announced a new racial admixture theory in 1984. Hanihara also announced the theory “dual structure model” in English in 1991. According to Hanihara, modern Japanese lineages began with Jōmon people, who moved into the Japanese archipelago during Paleolithic. Hanihara believed that there was a second wave of immigrants, from northeast Asia to Japan from the Yayoi period. Following a population expansion in Neolithic times, these newcomers then found their way to the Japanese archipelago sometime during the Yayoi period. As a result, miscegenation was common in the island regions of Kyūshū, Shikoku, and Honshū, but did not prevail in the outlying islands of Okinawa and Hokkaidō, and the Ryukyuan and Ainu people continued to dominate there. Mark J. Hudson claimed that the main ethnic image of Japanese people was biologically and linguistically formed from 400 BCE to 1,200 CE. Currently, the most well-regarded theory is that present-day Japanese are descendants of both the indigenous Jōmon people and the immigrant Yayoi people.
On the other hand, a study published in October 2009 by the National Museum of Nature and Science et al. concluded that the Minatogawa Man, who was found in Okinawa and was regarded as evidence that the Jōmon people were not a homogenous group and that these southern Jōmon came to Japan via a southern route and had a slender and more neo-Mongoloid face unlike the northern Jōmon. Hiroto Takamiya of the Sapporo University suggested that the people of Kyushu immigrated to Okinawa between the 10th and 12th centuries CE.
A 2011 study by Sean Lee and Toshikazu Hasegawa reported that a common origin of Japonic languages had originated around 2,182 years before present.
A study conducted in 2017 by Ulsan University in Korea presented evidence that the genetic origin of Koreans is closer to that of Southeast Asians (Vietnamese people). This was additionally supported by Japanese research conducted in 1999 that supported the theory that the origin of the Yayoi people was in southern China near the Yangtze river.
The origins of the Jōmon and Yayoi people have often been a subject of dispute, and a recent Japanese publisher has divided the potential routes of the people living on the Japanese archipelago as follows:
- Aboriginals that have been living in Japan for more than 10,000 years. (Without geographic distinction, which means, the group of people living in islands from Hokkaido to Okinawa may all be considered to be Aboriginals in this case.)
- Immigrants from the northern route (北方ルート in Japanese) including the people from the Korean Peninsula, Mainland China and Sakhalin Island.
- Immigrants from the southern route (南方ルート in Japanese) including the people from the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, and in some context, India.
However, a clear consensus has not been reached.
A study in 2017 estimates the Jōmon ancestry in people from Tokyo at approximately 12%.
In 2018, an independent research conducted by director Kenichi Shinoda and his team at National Museum of Nature and Science was broadcast on NHK Science ZERO and it was discovered that the modern day Japanese are genetically extremely close to the modern day Koreans.
A genome study (Takahashi et al. 2019) shows that modern Japanese (Yamato) do not have much Jōmon ancestry at all. Nuclear genome analysis of Jōmon samples and modern Japanese samples show strong differences.
Various studies estimate the proportion of Jōmon ancestry in Japanese people at around 9-13%, with the remainder derived from later migrations from Asia including the Yayoi people.
A population genomic PCA graph, showing the substructure of Eastern Asian populations, including analyzed Japanese Jōmon samples. Japanese people‘s cluster is closest to the Korean people‘s cluster, while the Jōmon samples are shifted towards the Siberian cluster in a more distinct position.
Recent studies have revealed that Jomon people are considerably genetically different from any other population, including modern-day Japanese.
— Takahashi et al. 2019, (Adachi et al., 2011; Adachi and Nara, 2018)
A study, published in the Cambridge University Press in 2020, suggests that the Jōmon people were rather heterogeneous, and that there was also a pre-Yayoi migration during the Jōmon period, which may be linked to the arrival of the Japonic languages, meaning that Japonic is one of the Jōmon languages. This migration is suggested to have happened before 6000BC, thus before the actual Yayoi migration.
The most popular theory is that the Yayoi people were the people who brought wet rice cultivation to Japan from the Korean peninsula and Jiangnan near the Yangtze River Delta in ancient China.[page needed] According to several Japanese historians, the Yayoi and their ancestors, the Wajin, originated in the today Yunnan province in southern China. Suwa Haruo considered Wa-zoku (Wajin) to be part of the Baiyue (百越).
Recent full genome analyses in 2020 by Boer et al. 2020 and Yang et al. 2020, reveals some further information regarding the origin of the Jōmon peoples. They were found to have largely formed from a Paleolithic Siberian population and an East Asian related population.
In 2021, a research from a study published in the journal Science Advances conducted by a team of Japanese and Irish researchers at Trinity College Dublin found that the people of Japan bore genetic signatures from three ancient populations rather than just two as previously thought. The study found that up to 71% of the ancient Kofun people shared a common genetic strand with the Han Chinese while the rest shared with the Yayoi people and the Jōmon people.
In addition, The Nikkei published a new founding that showed that the Kofun strand of modern day Japanese concentrated in specific regions such as Kinki, Hokuriku and Shikoku.
According to a study on genetic distance measurements from a large scale genetic study from 2021 titled ‘Genomic insights into the formation of human populations in East Asia’, the modern “Japanese populations can be modelled as deriving from Korean (91%) and Jomon (9%).”
The aforementioned study is further supported by recent studies in 2022 which concluded that the ancient Jōmon people were present outside of Japan, but were later significantly diminished due to the influx of proto-Koreans originating from the West Liao River, arriving in both the Korean peninsula and Japanese archipelago.
- Yoshisuke Aikawa (1880–1967), founder of the Nissan Group and Nissan
- Takeo Fujisawa (1910–1988), co-founder of the automobile manufacturer Honda
- Hirotoshi Honda, founder of Mugen Motorsports
- Konosuke Matsushita, founder of Panasonic
- Soichiro Honda (1906–1991), co-founder of the automobile manufacturer Honda
- Jujiro Matsuda (1875-1952), founder of Mazda automobile company
- Michio Suzuki (1887–1982), founder of Suzuki
- Eiji Toyoda (1913–2013), founder of luxury automobile manufacturer Lexus
- Kiichiro Toyoda (1894–1952), founder of automobile manufacturer Toyota in 1937
- Sakichi Toyoda (1867–1930), founder of Toyota Industries and Toyota Group
例) The Japanese are a diligent people. = The Japanese people are diligent.
The Japanese are a polite people.
例) Many Japanese like baseball.
Some Japanese don’t like sashimi.
She is Japanese.とするのが一般的です(このJapaneseは形容詞)。
She is a Japanese.とすると「国籍」を強調する言い方になります(このJapaneseは名詞)。
例)”Where is she from?”「彼女はどこの出身ですか」
”I think she is not a Chinese but a Japanese.”「中国人ではなく日本人だと思うよ」
人種的にモンゴロイドの一つ[注 3]。旧石器時代または縄文時代以来、現在の北海道から沖縄諸島までの地域に住んだ集団を祖先に持つ。祖先はユーラシア大陸東部より複数回にわたって渡来。樺太を経由して北海道に至る北方ルート、朝鮮半島を経由する北西ルート[注 4]、南西諸島などを経由する南方ルート[注 5]など複数の渡来経路が考えられる[注 6]。
- Japanese people
- the Japanese
などと言うことができます。他にも言い方はありますが今回はこの3つの違いと、特に「the + 国籍」の表現のニュアンスについて考えてみましょう。
the + 国籍で「〇〇人」「〇〇国民」
まず、the Japanese の方ですが、
the + 国籍を表す形容詞 ＝「〇〇人」「〇〇国民」
- the Japanese 「日本人」
- the Chinese 「中国人」
The Japanese are a hardworking people.
「the + 国籍を表す形容詞」は複数の民族を比較する場合に使われる
「the + 国籍を表す形容詞」は複数の民族を比較・対照する場合によく使われる
1. Shy, quiet
If you have had an opportunity to immerse yourself in a group of Japanese, you must have realised that not many Japanese are actually shy or quiet. Yet, there’s an image among most people that the Japanese are extremely reserved and shy.
One reason, I suspect, for this is because most Japanese are not confident in English. Hence, when they are abroad, they tend to speak in a shaking, tiny voice or even opt to keep their mouths shut. Additionally, the Japanese are aware that their culture is different to that of the countries they are visiting, and losing face is a big concern many Japanese travellers have.
So usually the Japanese like to understand and become a little more familiar with the cultural differences (sort of sit by as observers) and then once they are confident that they can differentiate between the cultures they immerse themselves into groups more readily. But once they finally become relaxed, they will no longer be quiet!
2. Love sushi, fish
Just as not all Brits drink tea or eat fish & chips daily and just as not all Americans are crazy about McDonald’s and doughnuts, not all Japanese love sushi or raw fish.
Still, it is true that there is easy access to sushi and raw fish in this country as these restaurants tend to be most people’s ‘up the road’ locals. What’s more as with all other countries good sushi isn’t cheap, so for most people it is a treat they have once or twice a week rather than their go to meal. Also, there are a lot of options in Japan so sushi is yet another choice rather than, as most outsiders believe, the only choice.
But alas, don’t be disappointed, you sushi lovers – you can still get your hands on the best sushi around here!
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