私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
catherine zeta jones, /catherine-zeta-jones,
Video: Catherine Zeta-Jones On Her 20-Year Marriage To Michael Douglas, Being Empty Nesters | TODAY
私たちは、何年もの間、日本のエンターテインメント ニュースを生き、呼吸してきた情熱的なエンターテインメント ニュース ジャンキーの小さなチームです。
catherine zeta jones, 2021-04-13, Catherine Zeta-Jones On Her 20-Year Marriage To Michael Douglas, Being Empty Nesters | TODAY, The actor joins the 3rd Hour of TODAY live to discuss her new role in the drama “Prodigal Son.” She also shares how she and husband Michael Douglas plan to celebrate their 20th wedding anniversary, what it’s like to be on the verge of empty-nesting and whether their two kids are interested in show business.
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Catherine Zeta-Jones On Her 20-Year Marriage To Michael Douglas, Being Empty Nesters | TODAY, TODAY
ウェールズのスウォンジー出身。父親はキャンディ工場のマネージャー、母親はアイルランド人の血を引く。兄と弟がいる。本名は Catherine Jones だが、祖母の名前から取って Catherine Zeta-Jones としている。
11歳で『アニー』などの舞台に立ち、15歳の時にロンドンに移る。1990年に『シェラザード』で映画デビュー。翌年放送のイギリスのコメディ・シリーズ『The Darling Buds of May』に出演して英国内で注目を浴びるようになる。
2010年にミュージカル『A Little Night Music』でトニー賞 ミュージカル主演女優賞を受賞。同年6月にこれまでの功績が称えられ、大英帝国勲章（CBE）を授与された。
ブロードウェイ・デビューは1986年。『ステッピング・アウト（英語版）』にオリジナルキャストとして出演。1991年に『我らが祖国のために（英語版）』で初のトニー賞候補となり、1992年に『ボルティモア・ワルツ（英語版）』でオビー賞を受賞する。その後、1995年に上演された『女相続人（英語版）』と2004年の初演後に映画化もされた『ダウト 疑いをめぐる寓話』で2度、トニー賞の演劇主演女優賞を受賞し、2000年の『日陰者に照る月』を合わせてこれまでに4度、演劇主演女優賞で候補になっている。1997年12月にオフ・ブロードウェイで開幕した『Pride’s Crossing』では、同年に行っていたサン・ディエゴでの公演から引き続き参加し、翌年に発表されたドラマ・デスク賞、Lucille Lortel賞などオフ・ブロードウェイを対象にした名だたる賞を総なめにしている。また、『ダウト』でもこれら2つの賞に加えて、2度目のオビー賞も受賞している。ドラマ・デスク賞は『女相続人』でも受賞しているので受賞は3回、候補は『フェイス・ヒーラー 霊能治療者（英語版）』も合わせて4回となる。
テレビシリーズにもなった、「大草原の小さな家」のCDオーディオブック（Harper Children’s Audio 2003 Little House in the Big Woods）の朗読もしている。
2009年、『24 -TWENTY FOUR-』にアリソン・テイラー大統領役で第7シーズンよりレギュラー出演。「アメリカ初の女性大統領」という役柄を演じ、第61回プライムタイム・エミー賞の最優秀助演女優賞を受賞した。
Life and career
1969–1989: Early life and initial stage career
Mumbles, Swansea where Zeta-Jones was raised
Catherine Zeta Jones was born on 25 September 1969 in Swansea, Wales, to David Jones, the owner of a sweet factory, and his wife Patricia (née Fair), a seamstress. Her father is Welsh and her mother is of Irish Catholic descent. She was named after her grandmothers, Zeta Jones (derived from the name of a ship that her great-grandfather sailed on) and Catherine Fair. She has an older brother, David, and a younger brother, Lyndon, who worked as a sales representative before venturing into film production. She was raised in the suburban area of Mumbles. Because Zeta-Jones was a hyperactive child, her mother sent her to the Hazel Johnson School of Dance when she was four years old. She was educated at the Dumbarton House School, a private school in Swansea. The family came from a modest background, but their fortunes improved when they won £100,000 in a bingo competition, thus enabling them to pay for their daughter’s dance and ballet lessons.
Zeta-Jones participated in school stage shows from a young age and gained local media attention when her rendition of a Shirley Bassey song won a Junior Star Trail talent competition. As part of a dance troupe, she routinely took trips to London, where she auditioned for roles in the theatre. At age nine, Zeta-Jones was selected to play July, one of the orphan girls in the original West End production of the musical Annie, and in her early teens, she became a national tap dancing champion. In 1981, she played the lead role of Annie in a Swansea production of the musical, which was staged at the Swansea Grand Theatre. Two years later, she played the lead role of Tallulah in a West End production of Bugsy Malone. When she was fifteen, Zeta-Jones left school without obtaining O-levels and decided to live in London to pursue a full-time acting career; she was also engaged to perform in a touring production of The Pajama Game. Describing her teenage years in London, Zeta-Jones said, “I would queue up for auditions and then change my costume or put on a different leotard and audition again. It might take me two tries, but I always got the job. I figured out what they wanted”. She went on to attend the independent Arts Educational Schools in Chiswick, London, for a three-year course in musical theatre.
In 1987, seventeen-year-old Zeta-Jones was picked as the second understudy to the lead actress in a West End production of 42nd Street. During one of the performances, both the star and the first understudy were unavailable, and Zeta-Jones was asked to play the role of Peggy Sawyer—a chorus girl who becomes a star. The producer was impressed by her acting ability and allowed her to play the role for the ensuing two years. Her next stage appearance was with the English National Opera at the London Coliseum in 1989 where she played Mae Jones in Kurt Weill‘s Street Scene.
1990–1996: Screen debut and career struggles
In 1990, Zeta-Jones made her film debut in the director Philippe de Broca‘s film 1001 Nights. An adaptation of the Persian fable One Thousand and One Nights, the French-Italian production recounts the tale from the perspective of Scheherazade (Zeta-Jones), one of the brides of King Sharir (Thierry Lhermitte). The film did not perform well at the box office, and according to de Broca’s obituary in The Daily Telegraph, it “is best remembered for its enjoyable nude scenes”. Greater success followed when she starred opposite David Jason and Pam Ferris in the ITV period comedy-drama television series The Darling Buds of May from 1991 to 1993. Adapted from H. E. Bates‘ novel of the same name, Zeta-Jones played the role of the eldest daughter of a family living in the countryside in 1950s Britain. The series was the highest-rated television show in the country at the time, and Zeta-Jones gained wide public recognition for it; she said, “Literally, with one hour of television my life completely changed. I couldn’t go anywhere”.
Following a brief appearance as Beatriz Enríquez de Arana in the unsuccessful adventure film Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (1992), Zeta-Jones featured as a belly dancer in disguise in a 1992 episode of George Lucas‘ television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. She next took on the part of an aspiring duchess in Splitting Heirs (1993), a farcical period drama from the director Robert Young about two children (Eric Idle and Rick Moranis) who are separated at birth. Reviews of the film were negative, though the critic Vincent Canby of The New York Times found her to be “very funny”. In 1994, Zeta-Jones played the melancholic Eustacia Vye in the television film The Return of the Native, an adaptation of the 1878 novel of the same name by Thomas Hardy, and the wife of Lloyd Owen‘s character in the television war drama The Cinder Path. She was then cast as the eponymous protagonist of the 1995 television biopic Catherine the Great. In a mixed review, critic Lisa Nesselson of Variety found the miniseries to be “brightly colored” but “wooden and hollow”, though thought that Zeta-Jones “imparts a certain grace and resolve to her sovereign-in-the-making”. She next appeared as the pragmatic girlfriend of Sean Pertwee‘s character in Blue Juice (1995), publicised as Britain’s first surf film, which the critic Leonard Maltin dismissed as a “superficial and predictable” production.
Dismayed at being typecast as the token pretty girl in British films, Zeta-Jones relocated to Los Angeles. She remarked, “There was all this fuss about who I was and wasn’t dating. I was a pretty face and a big bust and nothing else. People in the business believed what they read about me. So I decided to move away and start again.” She believed that her anonymity in America helped her obtain roles on merit and not due to her public image. She earned the part of Sala, the henchwoman to the villainous Drax (Treat Williams) in the superhero film The Phantom (1996), starring Billy Zane in the titular role. A reviewer for Variety considered Zeta-Jones to be a standout in her part, but the film received a negative critical reception and earned little at the box office. The CBS television miniseries Titanic (1996), however, was better received. Starring opposite Peter Gallagher and George C. Scott, she portrayed the lead role of Isabella Paradine, a young mother engaged in an extramarital affair on the RMS Titanic.
1998–2000: Hollywood breakthrough and success
Steven Spielberg took notice of Zeta-Jones in Titanic and recommended her to Martin Campbell, who was directing The Mask of Zorro (1998) for Spielberg’s production company. Campbell cast her as the leading lady instead of Izabella Scorupco, who was his original choice for the part. Co-starring Anthony Hopkins and Antonio Banderas, the film tells the story of Zorro (Hopkins), a Spanish warrior (the film is set in Old California) who sets out to avenge the death of his wife and find his lost daughter Elena (Zeta-Jones). She found similarities between her “volatile” Celtic personality and her Latin character’s temperament, and in preparation she studied dancing, riding and sword-fighting, and took diction lessons in Spanish. Filming the action and dance sequences while wearing heavy corsets in the dry Mexican desert proved challenging for Zeta-Jones, but she found the experience “worth suffering for”. The Mask of Zorro was positively received by the critics and grossed over $250 million worldwide. The role proved to be a breakthrough for her and she was nominated for the MTV Movie Award for Best Breakthrough Performance.
Zeta-Jones’s first release of 1999 was the heist film Entrapment, in which she starred opposite Sean Connery as a seductive insurance agent on the lookout for an art thief. Despite a negative critical reception, the film was a commercial success; Janet Maslin of The New York Times thought the film provided Zeta-Jones a platform to “show off her slithery skills”, and Desson Howe of The Washington Post called on viewers to appreciate the sex appeal she brought to the role. Later that year, Zeta-Jones appeared alongside Liam Neeson and Lili Taylor in The Haunting, a remake of the 1963 film of the same name about a team of paranormal experts who look into strange occurrences in an ill-fated mansion. The horror feature received generally poor reviews but found a significant worldwide audience. In a scathing review, the critic Mick LaSalle wrote that “Zeta-Jones seems less an actress and more a pretty face, and not an interesting one at that”.
After taking the supporting part of the lead John Cusack‘s former romantic interest in the comedy-drama High Fidelity (2000), Zeta-Jones starred in Steven Soderbergh‘s Traffic (2000). In the ensemble thriller on drug abuse co-starring Michael Douglas and Benicio del Toro, she played the pregnant wife of a drug lord who takes over the business when her husband is arrested. Originally written as a mother of two, Soderbergh changed the part to that of a pregnant woman on Zeta-Jones’s suggestion to accommodate her own pregnancy. Highly profitable at the box office and critically acclaimed, Traffic was described by the Dallas Observer as “a remarkable achievement in filmmaking, a beautiful and brutal work”. Edward Guthman of the San Francisco Chronicle considered Zeta-Jones to be a standout among the cast and labelled her “sensational” in a scene in which her character confronts a Tijuana dealer, adding that “through sheer conviction, she electrifies a moment that could have been absurd”. The ensemble of Traffic won the SAG Award for Outstanding Cast and Zeta-Jones was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress.
2001–2004: Chicago and other roles
The romantic comedy America’s Sweethearts was Zeta-Jones’s sole film release of 2001. She starred as a shrewd movie star, opposite Julia Roberts who featured as her character’s under-confident sibling. The critic Roger Ebert compared the film unfavourably to the musical Singin’ in the Rain (1952), but thought that Zeta-Jones was aptly “chilly and manipulative” in her part. The following year, she starred alongside Renée Zellweger as the murderous nightclub singer Velma Kelly in Chicago (2002), a film adaptation of the stage musical of the same name from the director Rob Marshall. She based her character’s look and mannerisms on the actress Louise Brooks, and as the script did not provide a backstory to Kelly, she worked to convey her character’s “flamboyance” and “desperation” through “little looks and nuances”. The film and her performance received widespread critical acclaim. William Arnold of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer believed that Zeta-Jones had made “a wonderfully statuesque and bitchy saloon goddess”, and David Edelstein of Slate wrote that she has “a smoldering confidence that takes your mind off her not-always-fluid dancing – although she’s a perfectly fine hoofer, with majestic limbs and a commanding cleavage” and particularly praised her rendition of the song “All That Jazz“. Chicago grossed $306 million worldwide, and was the recipient of the Academy Award for Best Picture. For her performance, she won the Academy Award, SAG Award, and the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actress, among other awards and nominations.
Following the success of Chicago, Zeta-Jones voiced the part of Princess Marina in Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas (2003), an animated film featuring Brad Pitt as the voice of Sinbad the Sailor. She was drawn to the project to give her then-young children an opportunity to “hear [her] and get a sense of [her] on film”, but the film proved to be a box office bomb. Also in 2003, Zeta-Jones starred alongside George Clooney in the Coen brothers‘ black comedy Intolerable Cruelty. A commercial success, the film saw her play the role of a serial divorcée who is drawn towards a divorce lawyer (Clooney). Writing for Empire, the critic Damon Wise labelled the film a “dazzling screwball comedy” and felt that Zeta-Jones had shown “an admirable facility for old-school quickfire patter”. Other reviewers praised her onscreen chemistry with Clooney.
In 2004, Spielberg approached her to play an insecure air hostess in his comedy The Terminal, a film about a man (Tom Hanks) who is trapped at the JFK International Airport when he is denied entry into the United States. Spielberg was intent on her playing against type as a strong-willed woman, with a vulnerability in her character, but the critic A. O. Scott felt that it came across as using her for “her looks rather than for the arch, self-mocking wit that is her secret weapon as a comic actress”. Commercially, The Terminal performed well. She next worked with Soderbergh to film Ocean’s Twelve, a sequel to his heist film Ocean’s Eleven (2001), which also reunited her with stars Clooney, Pitt, and Roberts. The production, which was filmed in several European countries, saw Zeta-Jones play Isabel Lahiri, a Europol agent, and the love interest of Pitt’s character. Paul Clinton of CNN noted that her sex appeal benefited the film. Conversely, Ken Tucker of New York magazine argued that her character was redundant to the film’s plot. Despite dividing critics, the sequel grossed over $360 million globally.
2005–2010: Decrease in workload and return to the stage
The Legend of Zorro (2005), a sequel to The Mask of Zorro, saw her reprise the role of Eléna opposite Banderas. Set ten years after the first film, the sequel follows Eléna struggling with married life. Unlike the original, the film was disliked by critics and was a commercial disappointment. She did not have any film releases in 2006. A biopic of Harry Houdini, titled Death Defying Acts (2007), starring Guy Pearce as the escapologist Houdini, featured Zeta-Jones as a Scottish con artist who claims psychic powers. The unsuccessful production was given only a limited theatrical release.
In 2007, Zeta-Jones starred alongside Aaron Eckhart and Abigail Breslin in the romantic comedy No Reservations, a remake of the German film Mostly Martha (2001). No Reservations tells the story of an ambitious chef (Zeta-Jones) whose life changes for the better when she takes in her young niece (Breslin) after her sister’s death. In preparation for her part, Zeta-Jones worked in the kitchen and waited on tables at New York’s Fiamma Osteria restaurant. Claudia Puig of USA Today wrote that Zeta-Jones “shines as a character that finely balances off-putting reserve with sympathetic appeal”, and Roger Ebert, despite disliking the film, did find her to be “convincing” in her role. With a global gross of $92 million, the film marked her final commercial success of the decade.
Following No Reservations, Zeta-Jones significantly decreased her workload in the next five years. She instead chose to focus on her family and health, having been diagnosed with bipolar II disorder, and her infrequent acting appearances were in smaller-scale and less successful productions. She took on the role of a forty-year-old mother attracted to a younger man (Justin Bartha) in the romantic comedy The Rebound. The production was released theatrically in markets outside of the United States in 2009–10, but due to financial troubles of its distributor, The Film Development, the film failed to release theatrically in America.
Zeta-Jones returned to the stage in 2009 with a revival of the musical A Little Night Music, which marked her Broadway debut. Set in Sweden during the early twentieth century, the musical follows the relationships between three people (Zeta-Jones, Angela Lansbury and Alexander Hanson) during the course of a summer. She played Desirée Armfeldt, an ageing actress, and was particularly drawn to the complexities of the piece, explaining: “There’s no jazzy hands, no high kicks, no fishnet stockings, … It’s not one of those shows where you can dig about three inches and come out the other end. You can keep digging and digging and digging”. She did not listen to past recordings of the songs in the musical so she could bring her own interpretation to them. The critic Claire Prentice of The Daily Telegraph wrote that Zeta-Jones brought in a “quiet, reflective poignancy” in her rendition of the song “Send In the Clowns“, but Emma Brockes of The Guardian was more critical, remarking that “with her pretty voice, head wresting this way and that, [she] seems to be auditioning for stage school”. For her performance, Zeta-Jones won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical and the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical.
2012–2016: Return to film
Following a three-year sabbatical from acting, she made her screen comeback in Lay the Favorite (2012), a comedy co-starring Bruce Willis and Rebecca Hall, in which she played the jealous wife of a gambler (Willis). Reviews of the film were negative, and Betsy Sharkey of the Los Angeles Times found Zeta-Jones to be “far too shrill to amuse”. In the ensemble musical comedy Rock of Ages, co-starring Tom Cruise and Bryan Cranston, Zeta-Jones played the part of a religiously conservative wife of a mayor. She was attracted to the idea of playing a “nightmare of a woman” and based the role on the politician Michele Bachmann; the film received mixed reviews and failed commercially. Her final release of 2012 was Playing for Keeps, a romantic comedy with Gerard Butler, which proved to be her third box office failure of the year.
In 2013, Zeta-Jones took on a leading role in the crime thriller Broken City, co-starring Mark Wahlberg and Russell Crowe. The film tells the story of a private detective (Wahlberg) who is hired by the mayor of New York City (Crowe) to spy on his wife (Zeta-Jones). The critic Todd McCarthy thought that Zeta-Jones “looks like class itself and nicely underplays”, and Liam Lacey of The Globe and Mail observed that the actress “does a fair, if incongruous, impersonation of a forties vamp”. However, as with her previous few projects, the film was not widely seen, and received poor reviews. This changed when Zeta-Jones collaborated with Soderbergh for the third time to film the critically acclaimed thriller Side Effects (2013). Co-starring Channing Tatum, Jude Law and Rooney Mara, the film saw her play a mysterious psychiatrist who recommends an antidepressant drug with serious side effects. Peter Travers, writing for Rolling Stone, called the film a “hell of a thriller, twisty, terrific and packed with surprises” and found Zeta-Jones to be “dynamite” in it.
In the action comedy Red 2 (2013), which served as a sequel to the 2010 film Red, Zeta-Jones played a seductive Russian double agent, alongside Bruce Willis, Helen Mirren, and Mary-Louise Parker. She was drawn to the project, which follows the comic adventures of retired spies, for “the action, the humour, [and] the tongue-in-cheek quality of it”. Writing for The Hollywood Reporter, Justin Lowe stated that Zeta-Jones “nicely pulls off Russian spy Katja’s mix of allure and menace”, and with a worldwide gross of $148 million, Red 2 emerged as her most widely seen film since No Reservations.
Following Red 2, Zeta-Jones took another sabbatical from acting, saying: “If I’m going to leave my family for any length of time it had better be for a role that I haven’t played before, [otherwise] I would prefer to stay at home”. She found the role opposite Bill Nighy and Toby Jones in the British war comedy film Dad’s Army (2016), based on the television sitcom of the same name. She was cast as a glamorous journalist reporting on a British Home Guard platoon based in Walmington-on-Sea. Catherine Bray of Variety found the film to be an “amiable but creaky resurrection” of the sitcom, and thought that while Zeta-Jones “hits the required single note with some spirit” she was “generally underused” in it.
2017–present: Television and streaming
Zeta-Jones returned to television in 2017, portraying actress Olivia de Havilland in the first season of Ryan Murphy‘s anthology drama series Feud about the rivalry between the actresses Joan Crawford and Bette Davis (played by Jessica Lange and Susan Sarandon, respectively). Dominic Patten of Deadline Hollywood found Zeta-Jones to be “wonderfully cast” and Sonia Saraiya of Variety credited her for providing “the best turn in the show”. Displeased with an “unauthorized use of her name and identity” in the series, de Havilland, at 101 years old, sued the network and producers of Feud for invasion of privacy and other personality rights. The lawsuit was later dismissed by a California appellate court.
In 2018, Zeta-Jones starred as the drug lord Griselda Blanco in the Lifetime television film Cocaine Godmother. Despite her character’s misdeeds, she was drawn to her character’s fortitude and ability to stand out in a male-dominated business. Writing for IndieWire, Hanh Nguyen criticised the decision to cast Zeta-Jones in the part of a Latino woman, adding that “she’s not just unconvincing; she’s outlandish”. She next played the lead role of Vicki Ellis, an unrelenting pageant coach, in the Facebook Watch comedy-drama series Queen America. To play a character who has bulimia, she drew on her teenage experiences of interacting with dancers who had eating disorders. In a positive review, Jen Chaney of Vulture wrote that “Zeta-Jones is always at her best when she’s fiery, and this part gives her plenty of opportunities to shift into beast mode”.
In 2021, Zeta-Jones appeared in a recurring role in the second season of the Fox drama series Prodigal Son. She played Dr. Vivian Capshaw, a doctor, opposite Michael Sheen. The series was cancelled after its second season. She will next star as Morticia Addams in the Netflix fantasy series Wednesday, and will feature in the Disney+ adventure series National Treasure: Edge of History.
|Denotes works that have not yet been released|
Awards and nominations
- ^ Refers to the film’s earliest release
- ^ The musical was staged from 1978 to 1981, but the dates when Zeta-Jones performed is unknown.
- ^ Refers to the year in which the ceremony was held
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- ^ Freydkin, Donna (18 July 2007). “Catherine Zeta-Jones makes ‘No Reservations’“. USA Today. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
- ^ McQuoid, Debbie. “Just call me Cath”. Stylist. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- ^ a b “Catherine Zeta Jones wins Tony Award”. BBC. 14 June 2010. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- ^ “Catherine Zeta-Jones”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- ^ “Side Effects (2013)”. Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 22 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- ^ “Red 2 (2013)”. Box Office Mojo. 17 October 2013. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- ^ a b Bray, Catherine (27 January 2016). “Film Review: ‘Dad’s Army’“. Variety. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- ^ Patten, Dominic (25 February 2017). “‘Feud: Bette & Joan’ Review: Jessica Lange & Susan Sarandon Kill In H’wood War Story”. Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 25 February 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- ^ Zipes, Jack; Greenhill, Pauline (16 September 2015). Fairy-Tale Films Beyond Disney: International Perspectives. Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-134-62813-1. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
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- Catherine Zeta-Jones at IMDb
- Catherine Zeta-Jones at the Internet Broadway Database
Early life and education
Douglas was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the first child of actors Kirk Douglas (1916–2020) and Diana Dill (1923–2015). His parents met at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts.
His father was Jewish and was born Issur Danielovitch. Michael’s paternal grandparents were emigrants from Chavusy in the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus). His mother was from Devonshire Parish, Bermuda, and had English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, French, Belgian, and Dutch ancestry. Douglas’s uncle was politician Sir Nicholas Bayard Dill, and Douglas’s maternal grandfather, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Melville Dill, served as Attorney General of Bermuda, as a Member of the Parliament of Bermuda (MCP), and as commanding officer of the Bermuda Militia Artillery.
His great-grandfather, Thomas Newbold Dill (1837–1910), was a merchant, an MCP for Devonshire Parish from 1868 to 1888, a member of the legislative council and an assistant justice from 1888, mayor of the City of Hamilton from 1891 to 1897, served on numerous committees and boards, and was a member of the Devonshire Church (Church of England) and Devonshire Parish vestries. Thomas Newbold Dill’s father, another Thomas Melville Dill, was a sea captain who took the Bermudian-built barque Sir George F. Seymour from Bermuda to Ireland in thirteen days in March 1858, but lost his master’s certificate after the wreck of the Bermudian-built Cedrine on the Isle of Wight while returning the last convict labourers from the Royal Naval Dockyard in Bermuda to Britain in 1863. The current (installed on 29 May 2013) Bishop of Bermuda, the Right Reverend Nicholas Dill, is a cousin of Michael Douglas.
Douglas has a younger brother, Joel Douglas (born 1947), and two paternal half-brothers, Peter Douglas (born 1955) and Eric Douglas (1958–2004), from stepmother Anne Buydens.
Douglas attended The Allen-Stevenson School in New York City, Eaglebrook School in Deerfield, Massachusetts, and The Choate Preparatory School (now Choate Rosemary Hall) in Wallingford, Connecticut. He received his B.A. in dramatic art from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1968, where he was also the honorary president of the UCSB Alumni Association. He studied acting with Wynn Handman at The American Place Theatre in New York City.
The Welsh name, Abertawe, translates as “mouth/estuary of the Tawe“ and it is likely this name was used for the area before a settlement was established. The first written record of the Welsh name for the town itself dates from 1150 and appears in the form Aper Tyui.
The name, Swansea, pronounced /ˈswɒnzi/ (Swans-ee, not
Swan-sea), is derived from the Old Norse name of the original Viking trading post that was founded by King Sweyn Forkbeard (c.960–1014).
It was the name of the king, ‘Svein’ or ‘Sweyn’ with the suffix of ‘-ey’, “island” referring to either a bank of the river at its mouth, or an area of raised ground in marshland. However, the Norse termination -ey, can mean “inlet” and the name may simply refer to the mouth of the river.
The area around Swansea has a unique archaeological history dating back to the Palaeolithic. Finds at Long Hole Cave on the Gower Peninsula have been interpreted as that of the first modern humans in Britain, and the same area is also home to the oldest ceremonial burial in Western Europe, discovered at Paviland in 1823, and dated to 22,000 BC. The area also has many Bronze Age and Iron Age sites, such as the burial mound at Cillibion and the hill fort at Cil Ifor. There is also the remains of a Roman villa again on the Gower peninsula.
The area that would become Swansea is located on the eastern edge of the cwmwd of Gwyr, in the Cantref Eginawc, the easternmost Cantref of Ystrad Tywi. The area was noted for its valuable land and was highly contested by the early Welsh kingdoms. During the Viking Age, the mouth of the Tawe became a focus for trade, and a trade post may have been founded sometime between the 9th and 11th centuries. When the Normans took control of the settlement, they built Swansea Castle c. 1106 and minted coins bearing the names Swensi, Sweni and Svenshi c. 1140.
The first charter was granted sometime between 1158 and 1184 by William de Newburgh, 3rd Earl of Warwick. This charter contains the earliest reference in English to Sweynesse and gave it the status of a borough, granting the townsmen (called burgesses) certain rights to develop the area. In 1215 King John granted a second charter, in which the name appears as Sweyneshe. A town seal which is believed to date from this period names the town as Sweyse.
Following the Norman conquest, a marcher lordship was granted by Henry I under the title of Gower. It included land around Swansea Bay as far as the River Tawe, the manor of Kilvey beyond the Tawe, and the peninsula itself. Swansea was designated chief town of the lordship and received a borough charter at some point between 1158 and 1184 (and a more elaborate one in 1304).
Temple street, Swansea, showing the bank, theatre and post office (1865)
Docks and railway bridge (1850)
A romanticised depiction of early copper smelting works in the Lower Swansea Valley c. 1800
From the early 1700s to the late 1800s, Swansea was the world’s leading copper-smelting area. Numerous smelters along the River Tawe received copper and other metal ores shipped from Cornwall and Devon, as well as from North and South America, Africa, and Australia. The industry declined severely in the late 1800s, and none of the smelters is now active.
The port of Swansea initially traded in wine, hides, wool, cloth and later in coal. After the invention of the reverbatory furnace in the late 1600s, copper smelting was able to use coal rather than more-expensive charcoal. At the same time, the mines of Cornwall were increasing copper production. Swansea became the ideal place to smelt the Cornish copper ores, being close to the coalfields of South Wales and having an excellent port to receive ships carrying Cornish copper ore. Because each ton of copper ore smelted used about three tons of coal, it was more economical to ship the copper ore to Wales rather than send the coal to Cornwall.
The first copper smelter at Swansea was established in 1717, followed by many more. Once smelting was established, the smelters began receiving high-grade ore and ore concentrates from around the world. More coal mines opened to meet demand from northeast Gower to Clyne and Llangyfelach. In the 1850s Swansea had more than 600 furnaces, and a fleet of 500 oceangoing ships carrying out Welsh coal and bringing back metal ore from around the world. At that time most of the copper matte produced in the United States was sent to Swansea for refining.
Smelters also processed arsenic, zinc, tin, and other metals. Nearby factories produced tinplate and pottery. The Swansea smelters became so adept at recovering gold and silver from complex ores that in the 1800s they received ore concentrates from the United States, for example from Arizona in the 1850s, and Colorado in the 1860s.
The city expanded rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries, and was termed “Copperopolis”. From the late 17th century to 1801, Swansea’s population grew by 500%—the first official census (in 1841) indicated that, with 6,099 inhabitants, Swansea had become significantly larger than Glamorgan‘s county town, Cardiff, and was the second most populous town in Wales behind Merthyr Tydfil (which had a population of 7,705). However, the census understated Swansea’s true size, as much of the built-up area lay outside the contemporary boundaries of the borough; the total population was actually 10,117. Swansea’s population was later overtaken by Merthyr in 1821 and by Cardiff in 1881, although in the latter year Swansea once again surpassed Merthyr. Much of Swansea’s growth was due to migration from within and beyond Wales—in 1881 more than a third of the borough’s population had been born outside Swansea and Glamorgan, and just under a quarter outside Wales.
Copper smelting at Swansea declined in the late 1800s for a number of reasons. Copper mining in Cornwall declined. The price of copper dropped from £112 in 1860 to £35 in the 1890s. In the early 1900s, mining shifted to lower-grade copper deposits in North and South America, and the lower-grade ore could not support transportation to Swansea.
The Swansea and Mumbles Railway was built in 1804 to move limestone from the quarries of Mumbles and coal from the Clyne valley to Swansea and to the markets beyond. It carried the world’s first fare-paying rail passengers on the day the British Parliament abolished the transportation of slaves from Africa. It later moved from horse power to steam locomotion, and finally converting to electric trams, before closing in January 1960, in favour of motor buses.
Through the 20th century, heavy industries in the town declined, leaving the Lower Swansea Valley filled with derelict works and mounds of waste products from them. The Lower Swansea Valley Scheme (which still continues) reclaimed much of the land. The present Enterprise Zone was the result and, of the many original docks, only those outside the city continue to work as docks; North Dock is now Parc Tawe and South Dock became the Marina.
In the Second World War, Swansea’s industrial importance made it a target of German bombing, and much of the town centre was destroyed during the Swansea Blitz on the 19, 20 and 21 February 1941 (the ‘Three Nights Blitz’).
In 1969 Swansea was granted city status to mark Prince Charles‘s investiture as the Prince of Wales. The Prince made the announcement on 3 July 1969 during a tour of Wales. Swansea obtained the further right to have a Lord Mayor in 1982.
Within the city centre are the ruins of the castle, the Marina, the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea Museum, the Dylan Thomas Centre, the Environment Centre, and the Market, which is the largest covered market in Wales.
It backs onto the Quadrant Shopping Centre, which opened in 1978, and the adjoining St David’s Centre opened in 1982. Other notable modern buildings include the BT Tower (formerly the GPO tower) built around 1970, Alexandra House opened in 1976, County Hall opened in July 1982. Swansea Leisure Centre opened in 1977; it has undergone extensive refurbishment which retained elements of the original structure and re-opened in March 2008.
Virginia “Gin” Baker (Catherine Zeta-Jones) is an investigator for “Waverly Insurance”. Robert “Mac” MacDougal (Sean Connery) is a professional thief who specialises in international art. A priceless Rembrandt painting is stolen from an office building in New York one night, and Gin is sent undercover to investigate Mac as the chief suspect. She tries to entrap him with a proposition, claiming that she is a professional thief herself, and promises that she will help him steal a priceless Chinese mask from the well-guarded Bedford Palace. Before agreeing, Mac tells Gin his “Rule Number One”: “Never carry a gun: You carry a gun, you may be tempted to use it.” They travel to Scotland and plan the very complicated theft at Mac’s hideout, an isolated castle. Aaron Thibadeaux (Ving Rhames), apparently the only ally that Mac trusts, arrives with supplies for the heist. While Mac is busy making final preparations, Gin contacts her boss, Hector Cruz (Will Patton), from a payphone, and informs him of Mac’s whereabouts. Little does she know that the whole island is bugged, allowing Mac to eavesdrop on their conversation. Mac also makes sure to keep Gin’s romantic advances at bay, unsure if she is a true partner in crime or an ambitious career woman on a mission.
After they have stolen the mask, Mac accuses Gin of planning to sell the mask to a buyer in Kuala Lumpur and then turn him in. Gin convinces him that her insurance agency job is the real cover and that she has planned an even bigger heist in Kuala Lumpur: $8 billion from the “International Clearance Bank” (which refers to the Bank of International Settlements in Malaysia) in the North Tower of the Petronas Towers. During their set-up, Cruz and his team (with the guidance of the stealthy Thibadeaux) track down Gin and confirm that she is still on mission to bring in Mac.
Despite the presence of Cruz and other security watching the building, the theft takes place in the final seconds of the new 2000 millennium countdown. Gin pulls the plug on her laptop prematurely and sets off alarms. They narrowly escape from the computer vault and are forced to cross the lights hung from the bottom of the bridge linking the two towers. Following a death-defying moment when the cable breaks, Gin and Mac make their way to a ventilation shaft, where Mac explains “Plan B”. Using mini-parachutes, they were going to escape down the shaft. Gin had lost her parachute earlier in the escape, so Mac gives her his. He tells her to meet him the next morning at Pudu train station.
Gin arrives at the station waiting for Mac. He shows up late with Aaron Thibadeaux, who reveals himself with fellow FBI agents. He explains that Cruz is here and that the FBI has been looking for her for some time. Two years earlier, when Agent Thibadeaux caught and arrested him, Mac made a deal to help the FBI arrest Gin, as she was the primary target all along. However, the ageing thief has another plan: to help her escape. Mac slips Gin a gun, new passport and travel documents and quietly explains that he returned only seven of the eight billion dollars they had stolen electronically in the heist. Gin then pretends to hold Mac hostage at gunpoint, threatening to shoot him if the agents follow her. She boards a train and the FBI heads to the next station. Gin jumps trains mid-station and arrives back at Pudu. She tells Mac that she needs him for another job and they both board a train.
The Petronas Twin Towers, where the final heist takes place
Actress (44 credits)
(TV Mini Series)
Olivia de Havilland
… Olivia de Havilland
(TV Mini Series)
– Part 2
… Isabella Paradine (as Catherine Zeta Jones)
– Part 1
… Isabella Paradine (as Catherine Zeta Jones)
Sala (as Catherine Zeta Jones)
Thanks (3 credits)
Self (146 credits)
29 Interviews |
43 Articles |
27 Pictorials |
88 Magazine Cover Photos |
Catherine Zeta-Jones Douglas | Catherine Zeta Jones
| David James Jones
Did You Know?
[on The Mask of Zorro (1998)] This film holds a lot of meaning to me, both professionally and personally. I actually met my husband when I was promoting the film in Deauville, France, and it was such an amazing time for me, being completely unknown, really, in America or in Mexico, where I shot the first one. It’s a very important film for me and it’s very close to my heart.
Paternal granddaughter of Bertram (1912-1970) and Zeta (née Davies) Jones (1917-2008).
Seductive deep voice
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